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KS

Abbreviation for Kaposi sarcoma.

KS

abbr.
1. Kansas
2. Kaposi's sarcoma

KS

1. Kaposi syndrome, see there.
2. Ketosteroid, see there 2. Klinefelter syndrome, see there.

KS

Abbreviation for Kaposi sarcoma.

Kaposi, Moritz K.

(ko'po-se)
Hungarian dermatologist, 1837–1902. His original name was Moritz Kohn.

Kaposi disease

Xeroderma pigmentosum.
Enlarge picture
KAPOSI'S SARCOMA: on skin

Kaposi sarcoma

Abbreviation: KS
A lymphatic endothelial malignancy, rather than a true sarcoma, composed of multiple red or purple macules, papules, or nodules, that is first apparent on the skin or mucous membranes but may involve the internal organs. Once a rare disease seen primarily in elderly men of Mediterranean, African, or Ashkenazi descent (so-called classic KS), it is the most common cancer related to AIDS. In patients with AIDS, KS is believed to be sexually acquired due to acquisition of human herpesvirus 8. When KS is associated with AIDS, it progresses and disseminates rapidly to multiple skin sites, as well as the lymph nodes and visceral organs. See: illustration; AIDS

Symptoms

The lesions are typically painless but may be cosmetically disfiguring or may interfere with internal organ function. They are found most often on the dorsa of the feet and lower extremities in patients with classic KS, and on the face, trunk, oral cavity, and internal organs in immunosuppressed patients. KS is sometimes referred to as “epidemic” in patients with HIV infection; “endemic” in parts of Africa; and “acquired” in patients taking immune-suppressing drugs after organ transplantation. In advanced disease, the lesions may merge into large plaques, sometimes blocking lymphatics and causing localized edema. Involvement of internal organs, primarily the gastrointestinal tract or the lungs, may result in dyspepsia or dyspnea.

Diagnosis

Characteristic tumors on the skin suggest the diagnosis, which should be confirmed by tissue biopsy.

Treatment

Treatment options include radiation therapy, cancer chemotherapies, cryotherapy, hormone therapies, and biotherapy (interferon alfa-2b).

Patient care

Epidemic KS may profoundly alter the patient's appearance. Emotional support for the patient and family may help them cope with the diagnosis and its effects on body image. Psychological counseling may be needed. Standard precautions should be followed when assessing or caring for the patient. The skin should be assessed for new lesions at each health care contact.

Kaposi sarcoma–associated herpesvirus

Abbreviation: KSHV
Human herpesvirus 8.

Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus

Human herpesvirus 8.

Kaposi varicelliform eruption

Eczema herpeticum.
Enlarge picture
KAPOSI'S SARCOMA: on skin

Kaposi sarcoma

Abbreviation: KS
A lymphatic endothelial malignancy, rather than a true sarcoma, composed of multiple red or purple macules, papules, or nodules, that is first apparent on the skin or mucous membranes but may involve the internal organs. Once a rare disease seen primarily in elderly men of Mediterranean, African, or Ashkenazi descent (so-called classic KS), it is the most common cancer related to AIDS. In patients with AIDS, KS is believed to be sexually acquired due to acquisition of human herpesvirus 8. When KS is associated with AIDS, it progresses and disseminates rapidly to multiple skin sites, as well as the lymph nodes and visceral organs. See: illustration; AIDS

Symptoms

The lesions are typically painless but may be cosmetically disfiguring or may interfere with internal organ function. They are found most often on the dorsa of the feet and lower extremities in patients with classic KS, and on the face, trunk, oral cavity, and internal organs in immunosuppressed patients. KS is sometimes referred to as “epidemic” in patients with HIV infection; “endemic” in parts of Africa; and “acquired” in patients taking immune-suppressing drugs after organ transplantation. In advanced disease, the lesions may merge into large plaques, sometimes blocking lymphatics and causing localized edema. Involvement of internal organs, primarily the gastrointestinal tract or the lungs, may result in dyspepsia or dyspnea.

Diagnosis

Characteristic tumors on the skin suggest the diagnosis, which should be confirmed by tissue biopsy.

Treatment

Treatment options include radiation therapy, cancer chemotherapies, cryotherapy, hormone therapies, and biotherapy (interferon alfa-2b).

Patient care

Epidemic KS may profoundly alter the patient's appearance. Emotional support for the patient and family may help them cope with the diagnosis and its effects on body image. Psychological counseling may be needed. Standard precautions should be followed when assessing or caring for the patient. The skin should be assessed for new lesions at each health care contact.

KS

Abbreviation for Kaposi sarcoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to KSS knee score and range of motion improvement, osteophyte size of 5 mm or greater appeared to be associated with improved outcomes at last follow-up.
The KI scores significantly increased after the initial anticancer therapy in both groups (KKT: from 16.3 [+ or -] 6.1 to 28.4 [+ or -] 5.5, p = 0.0022; KSS: from 23.4 [+ or -] 7.8 to 30.4 [+ or -] 7.0, p = 0.012).
KSS: If you see towards developed nations like the USA and the UK, more than 50 per cent of their power generation is based on coal.
Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) score for low vibration amplitude and medium vibration amplitude were plotted against time and were shown in Fig.
Jason Luo, president and CEO of KSS, said in a statement the " underlying strength" of Takata's business had not diminished despite the airbag recall, citing its skilled employee base, geographic reach and other safety products such as seat belts.
In this study, we recruited 19 patients with KSS - the largest cohort in mainland China studied so far.
KSS has a broad client base ranging from individuals to privately-held businesses.
KSS pleaded guilty to failing to respond to several requests to con-firm the company's interest in the land so that further action could be taken.
KSS was orally administered (0.5 or 1.0 g/kg) or inhaled (0.5, 1.0, or 2.5 g/0.125 [m.sup.3]) 60 min before pentobarbital administration.
Kingold Jewellery Inc and KSS, between whom a joint venture agreement has been signed, will form a combined entity to source and finance gold and to develop, market, and distribute gold products including, but not limited to, gold coins, gold bullion, medals, ornaments, and jewellery, a statement said.
Following this conclusion, ADF (1979) for the series of linear countries and Kapetanios (2005) unit root tests for taking into account the structural breaks and KSS (2003) unit root test for non-linear series were used.
The KSS had received 30 Galileoscopes as an award for celebrating 'International Year of Astronomy' (2009).