wryneck

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torticollis

 [tor″tĭ-kol´is]
a contracted state of the cervical muscles, producing torsion of the neck; the deformity may be congenital, hysterical, or secondary to conditions such as pressure on the accessory nerve, inflammation of glands in the neck, or muscle spasm. Called also wryneck.
Torticollis. From Dorland's, 2000.

tor·ti·col·lis

(tōr'ti-kol'is), [MIM*189600]
A contraction, or shortening, of the muscles of the neck, chiefly those supplied by the accessory nerve (NXI); the head is drawn to one side and usually rotated so that the chin points to the other side.
See also: dystonia.
Synonym(s): wry neck, wryneck
[L. tortus, twisted, + collum, neck]

wryneck

(rī′nĕk′)
n.
b. A person with torticollis.
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery

wryneck

Congenital torticollis, torticollis A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture awith palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; WN is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia Etiology Congenital form– unclear–possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later WN is recognized, the more likely surgical intervention is required

wryneck

See TORTICOLLIS.
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