juxtaglomerular cells


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to juxtaglomerular cells: Podocytes

jux·ta·glo·mer·u·lar cells

cells, located at the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle that secrete renin and form a component of the juxtaglomerular complex; they are modified smooth muscle cells primarily of the afferent arteriole of the renal glomerulus.
Synonym(s): Goormaghtigh cells
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

jux·ta·glo·mer·u·lar cells

(jŭks'tă-glō-mĕr'yū-lăr selz)
Cells located at the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle that secrete renin and form a component of the juxtaglomerular complex; they are modified smooth muscle cells primarily of the afferent arteriole of the renal glomerulus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Goormaghtigh,

Norbert, Belgian physician, 1890-1960.
Goormaghtigh cells - modified smooth muscle cells primarily of the afferent arteriole of the renal glomerulus. Synonym(s): juxtaglomerular cells
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
It is generally accepted that the majority of circulating renin originates from the kidney (mainly from juxtaglomerular cells).
Fluctuations in the degree of RSNA modulate renin secretion from juxtaglomerular cells and sodium reabsorption from renal tubular cells (1,5,9).
Renin is normally released from the juxtaglomerular cells in response to stimuli such as decreased blood flow to the kidney or increased sympathetic tone.
Renin is synthesized and secreted into the blood exclusively by the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney from prorenin, an inactive precursor, which is produced not only by the kidney, but by other tissues, including the adrenal glands, gonads, and the uteroplacental unit (2).