Gendarussa, which is a non-hormonal pill derived from the plant Justicia gendarussa
has been investigated in Phase II clinical trials by Indonesian scientists.
Justicia gendarussa was used by the TMPs for treatment of waist pain as well as malaria.
Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive activity of Justicia gendarussa Burm.
For instance, the leaves of Justicia gendarussa were used for treatment of back pain, while the bark of Aloe vera was used to keep the body cool and also to treat burning sensations during urination.
The various studies on Justicia gendarussa have demonstrated its anti-arthritic potential (Paval et al., 2009), larvicidal and adulticidal activities against the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi (Liston) (Senthilkumar et al., 2009), and HIV type 1 reverse transcriptase inhibitory activity in vitro (Woradulayapinij et al., 2005).
The seeds of this plant were used by the Santal healer in combination with leaves of Justicia gendarussa to treat rheumatism and feverishness, with leaves or fruits of Phyllanthus reticulatus to treat any recurrent chronic disease, and with leaves or bark of Litsea glutinosa to treat diabetes.
Acanthaceae 2 Justicia gendarussa Acanthaceae (Burm.f) 3 Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthaceae L.
Coughs were treated with Justicia adhatoda or Justicia gendarussa (Serial Numbers 1 and 2).
Justicia gendarussa, which was used by the Rajbongshi TMP for treatment of coughs and mucus, is also used in Ayurvedic medicinal system of India for the same purpose.
Throat pain due to colds and coughs were treated with oral administration of a mixture made by mixing paste of leaves and roots of Justicia gendarussa
To cite just two instances, the plants Justicia gendarussa
, Euphorbia ingens, Ricinus communis, Sesbania sesban, Vitex negundo, and Kaempferia galanga were used by the Kavirajes of Bagerhat district for treatment of pain in cattle.
Acanthaceae Har-baksha Leaf Justicia gendarussa
Acanthaceae Bishollo koroli Leaf L.