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The dried ripe fruit of Juniperus communis (family Pinaceae).
[L. the juniper tree]


Herbal medicine
An evergreen shrub, the berries of which contain flavonoids, gallotannin, vitamin C and volatile oils (including camphene, juniperin, limonene, myrcene, pinene, sabinene, terpinene and thujone). Juniper is antiseptic, antitussive, carminative, diuretic and expectorant, and has been used to treat urinary tract infections, neuralgia, rheumatic complaints, gout and sciatica.
Toxic effects
Juniper should not be used internally in pregnancy or in those with kidney disease.


n Latin names:
Juniperus communis, Juniperus oxycedrus L.; part used: berries (dried); uses: diuretic, antiflatulent, antiinflammatory, abortifacient, diabetes mellitus, urinary infections; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children. Also called
a'ra'r a'di, ardic, baccal juniper, common juniper, dwarf, gemener, genievre, ground juniper, hackmatack, harvest, horse savin, juniper mistletoe, yoshu-nezu, or


References in classic literature ?
Wherein I, for my part, do not like images cut out in juniper or other garden stuff; they be for children.
Toward night candles were burning round his coffin, a pall was spread over it, the floor was strewn with sprays of juniper, a printed band was tucked in under his shriveled head, and in a corner of the room sat a chanter reading the psalms.
It was set about with hawthorn hedges and juniper bushes, and on the small, green branches sat a little nightingale, which sang so loud and clear "that all the garden and the walls rang right with the song.