juniper

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Related to Juniper species: Juniperus

ju·ni·per

(jū'ni-pĕr),
The dried ripe fruit of Juniperus communis (family Pinaceae).
[L. the juniper tree]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

juniper

Herbal medicine
An evergreen shrub, the berries of which contain flavonoids, gallotannin, vitamin C and volatile oils (including camphene, juniperin, limonene, myrcene, pinene, sabinene, terpinene and thujone). Juniper is antiseptic, antitussive, carminative, diuretic and expectorant, and has been used to treat urinary tract infections, neuralgia, rheumatic complaints, gout and sciatica.
 
Toxic effects
Juniper should not be used internally in pregnancy or in those with kidney disease.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In pinon pines, it takes slightly more than two years to produce mature "seeds in the trees." In the different juniper species, seed maturation takes from one to two years.
occidentalis, gender may be environmentally labile since open stands contain many female trees while dense stands are dominated by males (Eddleman, 1984; Miller & Rose, 1995), but variable gender expression in some juniper species appears to be at least partly under genetic control (Jordano, 1991).
In some juniper species, ripe fruits can remain on the tree for two or even three years.
There is growing evidence, however, that dispersal systems are more complex than are generally thought and that birds are not the primary dispersal agents of all juniper species.