jugular vein

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Related to Jugular venous: Jugular veins, jugular vein distention

jugular vein

n.
Any of several large veins of the neck that drain blood from the head.

jugular vein (picture)

A nonspecific term that corresponds to veins in the lateral and anterior neck:
(1) Anterior jugular vein; vena jugularis anterior [NA6]. 
(2) External jugular vein; vena jugularis externa [NA6]. 
(3) Internal jugular vein; vena jugularis interna [NA6].

jugular vein

Any of the two pairs of bilateral veins that return blood to the heart from the head and neck. The external jugular vein receives the blood from the exterior of the cranium and the deep parts of the face. It lies superficial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle as it passes down the neck to join the subclavian vein. The internal jugular vein receives blood from the brain and superficial parts of the face and neck. It is directly continuous with the transverse sinus, accompanying the internal carotid artery as it passes down the neck, and joins with the subclavian vein to form the innominate vein. The jugular veins are more prominent during expiration than during inspiration and are also prominent during cardiac decompensation.

When the patient is sitting or in a semirecumbent position, the height of the jugular veins and their pulsations can provide an accurate estimation of central venous pressure and give important information about cardiac compensation.

See also: jugular

jugular vein

The internal or the external jugular vein.
See also: vein
References in periodicals archive ?
There are no studies found on the parameters such as depression, hair loss, constipation, slowness of speech, palpitations, raised jugular venous pressure, cardiovascular manifestation, chest x-ray findings and correlation between the different levels of TSH and cardiovascular manifestation.
Chao et al., "Jugular venous hemodynamic changes with aging," Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol.
Frober, "The anterior jugular venous system: variability and clinical impact," Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol.
Complications of jugular venous aneurysms including thromboembolism or rupture are rare [2].
Physical examination may reveal peripheral edema, elevated jugular venous pressure, rales, tachycardia, s3 or s4 gallop, a mitral regurgitant murmur, or a pericardial friction rub.
Retropharyngeal abscess carries a high mortality and morbidity rate, due to its association with airway obstruction, aspiration pneumonia, mediastinitis, jugular venous thrombosis, necrotizing fasciitis, sepsis and erosion into the carotid artery (2).
Inspiratory crepts and wheezes were the most common physical findings followed by clubbing, raised jugular venous pressure and edema feet.
Jugular venous blood was collected for total leucocytes and differential leucocytes counts.
The product not only has a unique method of delivery for a heart valve-through the femoral vein--but it also incorporates a novel valve design comprised of a malleable platinum/iridum frame and bovine jugular venous valve.
This includes (but not limited to) measurement of jugular venous pressure (JVP), inspecting for signs of oedema (dependent and peripheral), measurement of BP pre and post-dialysis, chest auscultation, assessing skin turgor and mucous membranes inspection (Amato, et al., 2008; Campbell, 2006).
According to the autopsy report, the cause of death was perforation of the left pulmonary artery during the placement of the left jugular venous catheters.
The swelling was suspected to be a haematoma after failed jugular venous catheterisation.