We argue that the rise of pluralistic democracy was the primary impetus for the penal transition from a culture of spectacle to a carceral culture, not because it gave voice to a public hunger for penal change (indeed, in many abolitionist countries there was in fact overwhelming majority support for judicial execution
), (56) but because democratically-elected governments feel more secure in the legitimacy of their rule and thus no longer have a pressing need to compensate by employing such unsophisticated "marketing" tactics.
The committee said that the probe would help disclose the facts and that the Rangers personnel were abetting the plain-clothed officials in extra judicial execution
of the MQM workers.
In the 1970s when the entire archipelago was under martial law and crime was a serious concern, it carried out judicial executions
. The 1987 Constitution abolished death penalty but in 1993 it was reintroduced in 1998.
Malaysia's Pakatan Harapan or Alliance of Hope coalition government imposed a moratorium on all judicial executions
in October last year pending the passage of new legislation that would remove the mandatory death sentence for 11 offenses.
She was awarded posthumously, served as the UN Special Rapporteur on Extra judicial Executions
from 1998 to 2004, and as the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion and Belief from 2004 to 2010.
The country carried out judicial executions
during the 1970s when the entire archipelago was under martial law and crime was a serious concern.
Countries that pass a moratorium on judicial executions
publicly make it clear that they will not put a person to death in a government-sanctioned punishment.
The court was passing directions in a PIL filed in 2012 by the Extra Judicial Executions
Victims' Families Association seeking a " probe into 1,528 fake encounter killings in Manipur in the last two decades" by armed forces and Manipur Police.
It's important to note here that this comes from the only Western nation to actively practice "judicial executions
", and racist brutality by state actors is an everyday occurrence.
I READ with interest the letter written by Mr Jack Fletcher in the edition of September 16, dealing with judicial executions
of British soldiers during the First World War.
The last known judicial executions
in Libya were carried out by the Gaddafi regime in 2010, when at least 18 death sentences were implemented.
AI said that at least 676 judicial executions
are known to have been carried out around the world in 2011, excluding China--where there are reportedly thousands every year--up from 527 a year earlier.