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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
1995) (referencing Federal Rule of Evidence 201 in its discussion of the judicial notice of legislative facts).
Lastly, taking judicial notice of the proposition that there is
In relation to our defendant, this judicial notice may prejudge the very issue upon which s(he) wishes to base their defense.
at 178 (holding only that the Court was presented with no evidence of, and could not take judicial notice of, sawed-off shotgun's military utility).
Judicial notice is one of the most underappreciated and frequently misunderstood doctrines of evidence, yet it remains a powerful tool for any trial attorney.
They apply only in very specific and narrow circumstances--correcting inadvertent omissions under FRAP 10(e)(2)(C) or taking judicial notice of highly indisputable facts or directly related court proceedings under FRE 201.
The authors consider the functions of judge, jury and attorneys at trial; the nature of relevance; unfairly prejudicial evidence; the examination and impeachment of witnesses; the competency of witnesses; rules about hearsay; the allocation of proof, judicial notice, and presumptions; and more.
According to The Express Tribune, a judicial notice is expected to be served to Ashraf on June 27th, to implement the directives contained in paragraphs 177 and 178 of the NRO judgment, in the context of writing a letter to Swiss authorities.
The Court takes judicial notice that the construction of a driveway in Pelham requires a building permit.
Judicial notice is defined in one dictionary as "the authority of a judge to accept as facts certain matters which are of common knowledge from sources that guarantee accuracy or are a matter of official record, without the need for evidence establishing the fact.
The Court took judicial notice of the standard practice of banks, before approving a loan, to send representatives to the premises of the land offered as collateral to investigate its real owners.
The meeting agreed to work for the provision of legal aid to the victims of abuse and their families, forensic test facilities in the Kasur district, computerisation of DNA identification through NADRA, and a facilitation centre for minor victims of abuse and their families besides a judicial notice on compromise in cases of molestation and murder of victims.