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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
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References in periodicals archive ?
of federal journalists' privilege. (22) In addition, the Department
journalists' privilege, however, must begin with the Supreme
the scope of the journalists' privilege expanded after Branzburg.
Since 2009, the movement to adopt a federal statutory journalists' privilege appears to have lost momentum.
The Supreme Court has written only one opinion on the subject of journalists' privilege: Branzburg v.
(269) In light of the fact that the Supreme Court has refused to address the journalists' privilege since Branzburg and the privilege is now recognized in almost every jurisdiction, it seems only appropriate that Congress enact a federal shield law.
Columbia have enacted journalists' privilege statutes, which are
Update: On May 18, 2006, Senator Lugar introduced a new journalists' privilege bill--S.
shall be governed by the principles of the common law as they may be interpreted by the courts of the United States in the light of reason and experience." (11) The federal courts have not resolved whether the common law provides a journalists' privilege. The U.S.
As for state courts, those in 18 states provide common law protection, making a total of 49 states plus the District of Columbia that have a journalists' privilege. (13) Wyoming is the state without either a statutory or common-law privilege.
665 (1972), the Supreme Court for the first time ruled on a claim of journalists' privilege. It held that journalists have no constitutional privilege to refuse to testify before a grand jury, unless the grand jury investigation was "instituted or conducted other than in good faith." Id.
In Branzburg, the Supreme Court noted that there was "merit in leaving state legislatures free, within First Amendment limits, to fashion their own standards" regarding journalists' privilege. Id.

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