Johne's disease


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Johne's disease

(yō′nəz)
n.
A chronic disease of domestic animals, especially cattle and sheep, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and characterized by persistent diarrhea, gradual loss of weight, and general weakness.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence and distribution of Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) in cattle herds in Ireland.
Manual of standards for diagnostic test and vaccines: Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) Section 2.2, Chapter 2.2.6, OIE, Paris, France, 2004.
1989: Chiodini published a review and comparison of the two disease entities Crohn's disease and Johne's disease, and put into question the possibility of a shared etiology [6].
Seroprevalence of Johne's disease in eleven districts of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
In the present study efficacy of microscopy as 'field laboratory test' was evaluated with respect to specific blood PCR and was used for estimation of prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in small and large ruminant population endemic and suspected with clinical Johne's disease.
Bannantine and his colleagues at NADC have found an antibody that's 100 percent specific in detecting Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP)--the cause of Johne's disease.
Crohn himself believed that the condition was due to a bacterial infection, probably the Mycobacterium paratuberculosum, related to the causative organism of tuberculosis and similar to the bacterium responsible for a bowel infection in cows called Johne's disease. However, no specific organism could be cultured from the affected intestine in man.
It is a bacterium that causes Johne's disease, a chronic intestinal disease in cows.
"Johne's disease is highly prevalent in this country and is causing more than $200 million of annual losses to the U.S.
Applied Genetics has channelled its energies into domestic commercialisation of molecular diagnostic tests for Johne's disease - an incurable condition that affects dairy cows, sheep, and goats and has a devastating fatality rate.