But the impressive array of evidence that Thompson marshals indicates that Vietnamese healers did not adopt Chinese methods of combating smallpox until Jennerian vaccination
had already been introduced from the West.
Although there were arguments over the efficacy of vaccination, mostly propounded by Chinese physicians who worked for the shogun, Jennerian vaccination
became widespread in much of Japan beginning in the 1850s.
This was the moment when high-ranking political authorities in various parts of the country provided, for the first time, official support to the efforts by physicians to fight the smallpox disease through Jennerian vaccination. In Jannetta's book, this moment is the culmination of a narrative that traces the global diffusion of Jennerian vaccination from its origins in England at the end of the 18th century to its dissemination in Japan a half-century later.
Jannetta shows that while news of the Jennerian vaccination reached Japan quickly--in 1803, only five years after Jenner's findings were first published--the widespread implementation of the practice in Japan was more fitful.
She argues, in turn, that the introduction of Jennerian vaccination to Japan provided the impetus for the formation of the kinds of social mechanisms--in particular, lateral, quasi-professional connections forged through the common pursuit of specialized knowledge--necessary for the widespread dissemination of the vaccine.
Those same practitioners, supported by Japanese families as well as those who wished to make inroads into the intentionally closed Japanese society, began to practice, in as circumspect a manner as possible, Jennerian vaccination
. Janetta (history emerita, U.
The neurology of Jennerian vaccination
: a clinical account of the neurological complications which occurred during the smallpox epidemic in South Wales in 1962.
against West Nile virus [Editorial].