Paintings of James VII
and II and his family, surrounded by flora and fauna, had long pointed to the fecundity of the dynasty, in contrast to the barrenness of William and Mary and of Anne.
The ousted James VII
and II died in 1701 and his successor to the throne, William of Orange, was killed in an accident the next year.
By 1691, William of Orange was firmly on the throne of both Scotland and England, with the last Stewart monarch, James VII
and II, driven to exile in France.
1685 - Charles II dies, to be replaced by James VII
, now in exile, was the last of the Stewarts and he had plenty of supporters who wanted the family to return to the throne.
He was invested with the Scottish title, which was revived by King James VII
, in Edinburgh's Parliament Square by the Queen in 1987.