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A semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic of the avermectin family of compounds, effective in the treatment of filariasis and many other parasites. The drug destroys Onchocerca microfilaria and Filaria bancrofti. Derived from the soil bacterium, Streptomyces avermitilis. Approved by the FDA for the treatment of scabies by topical administration. Widely used in veterinary medicine in a number of species for control of ectoparasites and endoparasites. Unusual sensitivity (increased toxicity, and sometimes death) in collie-type breeds is well documented.
An anthelmintic and acaricide used to treat parasitic infections in livestock, to prevent heartworm infection in dogs, and to treat onchocerciasis, intestinal strongyloidiasis, and head lice in humans.
ivermectinA drug used to kill MICROFILARIA in the treatment of ONCHOCERCIASIS and other microfilarial diseases. Ivermectin has also been used to treat severe SCABIES in elderly institutionalized people, but an unusually high death-rate in this group cast doubt on the safety of the application. The drug is on the WHO official list.
A disease caused by infestation with the filarial worm (Onchocerca volvulus) spread by blackflies. It is common in tropical Africa and Central America, especially in areas near rivers. Large numbers of microfilariae are present on the skin and often enter the eye. The patient initially complains of itching, but blindness occurs as a result of chorioretinitis and optic neuritis. The disease is treated successfully with ivermectin. Syn. onchocercosis; river blindness.