isopropyl alcohol

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alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(ī'sō-prō'pil al'kō-hōl),
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of isopropyl alcohol (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(IPA, IA) (īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as a rubefacient.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient in medicinal preparations for external use.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
At present, isopropyl alcohol is primarily used as an intermediate in the manufacturing of industrially important chemical compounds including acetone, glycerol, isopropyl acetate and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK).
Based on the above experiment, we found the very less resolution between acetone and isopropyl alcohol and found the placebo peak interference was observed at the retention time of acetone.
The 13CNMR spectra of the product exhibited signals for the methyl carbon atoms of isopropyl group at 21.7 ppm while methylene carbon atoms of C-6, C-3 and C-2 resonated at 32.0 ppm, 51.6 ppm, 52.3 ppm respectively.
Treatment for this condition includes reassurance regarding the benign nature of the disease and cleaning the lesions with isopropyl alcohol.
About 50 individual features for isopropyl cyanide (and 120 for normal-propyl cyanide, its straight-chain sister molecule) were identified in the ALMA spectrum of the Sagittarius B2 region.
The CAS number, source, and grades of the chemicals used are as follows: propionic acid (CAS 79-09-4, Qualigens 99%), isopropyl alcohol (CAS 67-63-0, Qualigens 99%), and Sulphuric acid (CAS 7664-93-9, Qualigens 99.9%).
Cast-concrete Fire Rocks, fueled by an isopropyl alcohol solution, will put you in the mood for a mai tai at sunset.
Furthermore, the clinical team wanted to know if detecting isopropyl alcohol in the alcohol screen implied that the homemade liquor ingested by the patient contained isopropyl alcohol.
The spirit was later found to contain "Isopropyl" alcohol, widely used as a solvent and a cleaning fluid.
"This suggests that the freezing rate is more accurate than the isopropyl alcohol method, which is crucial if a cell line is to survive cryopreservation."
"Soaking ophthalmology equipment in 70% isopropyl alcohol--which is commonly done in NICUs for retinopathy of prematurity equipment--is probably not sufficient to eradicate adenovirus contamination," said Dr.
Prices will also increase for all of Sun Chemical Rycoline blanket and roller washes, specialty solvents, isopropyl alcohol, alcohol replacement and aqueous coatings.