amylin(redirected from Islet amyloid polypeptide)
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A 37-amino acid peptide that is cosecreted with insulin from the pancreatic β-cell. Many of its biologic activities mimic those of calcitonin gene-related peptide, which is not a β-cell peptide. In patients with Type 1 diabetes, amylin is essentially absent from the plasma. The plasma level of amylin rises after a meal or a glucose load.
[amyloid + -in]
1. A peptide hormone that is secreted along with insulin by the beta cells of the pancreas and helps to regulate blood sugar levels by inhibiting glucagon secretion and by slowing the rate at which food leaves the stomach.
2. Archaic Any of various components of starch.
amylinAn older term for:
(1) (Pancreatic) islet amyloid polypeptide;
The cellulose of starch; the insoluble envelope of starch grains.