Ischemic cardiopathy is a term that groups together a number of medical conditions characterised by an atherosclerotic process and which manifest itself as angina pectoris; acute coronary syndrome, which includes severe myocardium infarct and unstable angina; and sudden death by cardiac arrest (Guyton & Hall, 2006), associated with high rates of mortality globally (WHO, 2011) and in Colombia (Ministry of Health and Social Protection, 2016).
Thus, the purpose of this study was to answer the following question: Is there a common factor between the symptoms of depression, anxiety and anger traits of patients with ischemic cardiopathy?
All patients with an ischemic cardiopathy diagnosis confirmed by coronariography and admitted to hospital with acute coronary syndrome or who had been referred to a cardiac rehabilitation unit following a cardiac event were invited to take part in the study.
Final model of negative affect in patients with ischemic cardiopathy
(oo) Other risk factors with frequency below 5% were trauma 12 (3.7%); diabetes mellitus 11 (3.4%); heavy drinking 10 (3.1%); illicit drug use 5 (1.5%); ischemic cardiopathy
5 (1.5%); atrial fibrillation 4 (1.2%); pregnancy/puerperium 6 (1.9%).
Of these deaths, around 7.5 million are from ischemic cardiopathy, which, along with deaths from cerebrovascular diseases, constitute the two main entities of mortality of cardiovascular etiology (World Health Organization, 2007).
This scale has been employed very frequently in patients with ischemic cardiopathy, both for research and to detect symptoms with a view to intervention, as it is a short scale, but with excellent psychometric properties (Martin, Thompson, & Barth, 2008).
But, due to their clinical utility, we also analyzed the relations between life satisfaction and the type of positive and negative adjustment to illness used by patients recently diagnosed with ischemic cardiopathy, considering both coping styles conjointly.
The main goal of this study was to analyze the relations between life satisfaction, adjustment to illness and emotional distress in a sample of men who had just suffered an episode of ischemic cardiopathy. As expected, the results showed that the use of negative adjustment strategies correlates positively with the report of symptoms of anxiety and depression, whereas the use of positive adjustment strategies correlates negatively with the report of such symptoms.
Recently, it has been shown that RCG with high-resolution HRV analysis is the sole method for diagnosis of the autonomic cardiac neuropathy (AN) in the setting of diabetes, ischemic cardiopathy
, chronic nephropathy, because AN is secondary and polyetiological syndrome.
Ischemic cardiopathy and arterial hypertension were present in 32% and 41% of all cases, respectively.
Among HF patients, there was a higher incidence of ischemic cardiopathy, hypertension, and atrial fibrillation; a lower incidence of COPD; and a greater number of prescribed pharmacological therapies.