Irvine-Gass syndrome

Ir·vine-Gass syn·drome

(ĭr'vīn gahs),
macular edema, aphakia, and vitreous humor adherent to incision for cataract extraction.

Ir·vine-Gass syn·drome

(ĭr'vīn gahs sin'drōm)
Macular edema, associated with cataract surgery, and vitreous humor adherent to incision after cataract extraction.

Gass,

J. Donald M., U.S. ophthalmologist, 1928–.
Gass cannula
Gass cataract-aspirating cannula
Gass corneoscleral punch
Gass muscle hook
Gass scleral marker
Gass scleral punch
Irvine-Gass syndrome - see under Irvine

Irvine,

A. Ray, Jr., U.S. ophthalmologist, 1917–.
Irvine corneal scissors
Irvine operation
Irvine probe-pointed scissors
Irvine-Gass syndrome - macular edema, aphakia, and vitreous humor adherent to incision for cataract extraction.

oedema, cystoid macular (CMO) 

Oedema and cyst formation of the macular area of the retina. It may occur as a result of, or be associated with, systemic vascular disease, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, hypertensive retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and following some ocular surgery such as vitreoretinal, photocoagulation, glaucoma procedures and especially cataract surgery. When cystoid macular oedema follows cataract surgery it is called the Irvine-Gass syndrome and it is sometimes accompanied by intraoperative vitreous loss or vitreous adhesion to the iris or to the corneoscleral wound. Visual acuity is affected initially but recovers in the majority of cases. In some cases antiinflammatory therapy may help in restoring visual acuity and in other cases the vitreous adhesion may be disrupted with a Nd-Yag laser.
References in periodicals archive ?
PCMO was first described by Irvine in 1953 and demonstrated angiographically by Gass and Norton in 1966 leading to the term Irvine-Gass syndrome.
Serous macular detachment has only recently been recognized to occur in a significant number of eyes with macular pathology including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, Behcet disease, Irvine-Gass syndrome and pars planitis.
Key Words: Serous macular detachment, optical coherence tomography, cystoid macular edema, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, Behcet disease, Irvine-Gass syndrome, pars planitis