irrigation(redirected from Irrigation and Drainage)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
1. washing of a body cavity or wound by a stream of water or other fluid. A steady, gentle stream is used; pressure should be sufficient to reach the desired area, but not enough to force the fluid beyond the area to be irrigated. Pressure may be applied manually, such as with a bulb syringe or mechanical device, or by gravity. The greater the height of the container of solution, the greater will be the pressure exerted by the stream of solution. There are also specially designed irrigating units that deliver a pulsed flow of fluid. Return flow of solution must always be allowed for. Directions about the type of solution to be used, the strength desired, and correct temperature should be followed carefully. Aseptic technique must be observed if sterile irrigation is ordered.
2. a liquid used for such washing.
bladder irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as instillation of a solution into the bladder to provide cleansing or medication.
bowel irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as instillation of a substance into the lower gastrointestinal tract.
wound irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as flushing of an open wound to cleanse and remove debris and excessive drainage.
The washing out of a body cavity, space, or wound with a fluid.
irrigationWound care The cleansing of a space, wound or cavity with a fluid
In surgery, washing out a body cavity, space, or wound with a fluid.
[L. ir-rigo, pp. -atus, to irrigate, fr. in, on, + rigo, to water]
irrigationThe act of flushing with water or some other solution, especially of a wound or body cavity.
irrigationmoistening or pouring water over a preparation.
In medicine, the practice of washing out or flushing a wound or body opening with a stream of water or another liquid.
The act of washing or cleansing a cavity or a surface with a stream of water or other solution (e.g. physiological saline) as in chemical or thermal burns or other superficial injuries to the eye, or to dislodge small foreign bodies on the cornea or in the conjunctival sac. See corneal abrasion; lid eversion.
Washing out a body cavity, space, or wound using a fluid.