irrigation

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irrigation

 [ir″ĭ-ga´shun]
1. washing of a body cavity or wound by a stream of water or other fluid. A steady, gentle stream is used; pressure should be sufficient to reach the desired area, but not enough to force the fluid beyond the area to be irrigated. Pressure may be applied manually, such as with a bulb syringe or mechanical device, or by gravity. The greater the height of the container of solution, the greater will be the pressure exerted by the stream of solution. There are also specially designed irrigating units that deliver a pulsed flow of fluid. Return flow of solution must always be allowed for. Directions about the type of solution to be used, the strength desired, and correct temperature should be followed carefully. Aseptic technique must be observed if sterile irrigation is ordered.
Irrigation of the ears. From Lammon et al., 1996.
2. a liquid used for such washing.
bladder irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as instillation of a solution into the bladder to provide cleansing or medication.
bowel irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as instillation of a substance into the lower gastrointestinal tract.
wound irrigation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as flushing of an open wound to cleanse and remove debris and excessive drainage.

ir·ri·ga·tion

(ir'i-gā'shŭn),
The washing out of a body cavity, space, or wound with a fluid.
[see irrigate]

irrigation

/ir·ri·ga·tion/ (ir″ĭ-ga´shun)
1. washing by a stream of water or other fluid.
2. a liquid used for such washing.

Ringer's irrigation  Ringer's injection packaged for irrigation and used as a topical physiologic salt solution.

irrigation

[ir′igā′shən]
the process of washing out a body cavity or wounded area with a stream of water or other fluid. It is also used to cleanse a tube or drain inserted into the body, such as an indwelling catheter. The procedure is most commonly performed with water, saline, aminoacetic acid, or antiseptic solution on the eye, ear, throat, vagina, or urinary tract. Gentle pressure is applied in the introduction of the fluid, except in the debridement of wounds, and the solution is removed from internal cavities through suction or drainage. See also lavage. irrigate, v.

irrigation

Wound care The cleansing of a space, wound or cavity with a fluid

ir·ri·ga·tion

(ir'i-gā'shŭn)
In surgery, washing out a body cavity, space, or wound with a fluid.
[L. ir-rigo, pp. -atus, to irrigate, fr. in, on, + rigo, to water]

irrigation

The act of flushing with water or some other solution, especially of a wound or body cavity.

irrigation

moistening or pouring water over a preparation.

Irrigation

In medicine, the practice of washing out or flushing a wound or body opening with a stream of water or another liquid.

irrigation;

sulcus, subtarsal.

irrigation

The act of washing or cleansing a cavity or a surface with a stream of water or other solution (e.g. physiological saline) as in chemical or thermal burns or other superficial injuries to the eye, or to dislodge small foreign bodies on the cornea or in the conjunctival sac. See corneal abrasion; lid eversion.

ir·ri·ga·tion

(ir'i-gā'shŭn)
Washing out a body cavity, space, or wound using a fluid.

irrigation

1. washing of a body cavity or wound by a stream of water or other fluid.
2. artificial watering of agricultural crops and pasture by flood, furrow, drip or sprinkler system. This has a significant implication for animals both nutritionally and in terms of health because of the great change in the soil microclimate and the reaction of this on parasite larvae and fungi.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the challenges facing irrigated agriculture in the High Plains and in the rest of the western United States are daunting--farmers must produce more with less--failure is not an option if we are to meet the food and fiber needs of the next 40 years.
Based on the multivariable regression equation between various land use types identified in the study area, the amount of calcium is only affected by a change in the extent of irrigated agriculture and rangeland areas.
Due to the limited prospects for expanding irrigation facilities, the projected increase in irrigated agriculture will have to come from significant improvement in the performance of existing systems.
QUETTA -- In a significant development towards economic development and social uplift through irrigated agriculture in Dera Bugti Balochistan, the Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) has completed construction of Phase-I of Kachhi Canal Project.
HYDERABAD -- The Sindh Irrigated Agriculture Productivity Enhancement Project (SIAPEP) has invited applications from growers for provision of laser land levelling machines on subsidised rates in the second phase of the project being run in Sindh under financial assistance of the World Bank.
The irrigated agriculture of Pakistan seems to be more vulnerable to climate change.
The dam, 5 km upstream of Munda head works in Mohmand Agency, would mitigate floods, develop irrigated agriculture and generate 740 MW of hydro power.
The articles cover such topics as B-esterases in the assessment or pesticide contamination, earthworms that monitor metal contamination, poisoning of the soil of shooting ranges by lead bullets, management of irrigated agriculture to increase organic carbon storage in soils, predicting the uptake and bioaccumulation of organic pollutants from natural sediments, phases in pyrite pollution, methodologies in evaluating hydropyhobic organic contaminants, and modeling tidal and residual circulation and their relationship with oil and energy spills.
Known for her international extension efforts in irrigated agriculture, Haman was previously an instructor at Michigan State University, a research specialist with the USDA, and a research specialist with the Institute of Crops and Vegetables in Skierniewice, Poland.
They cover general perspectives on transition, responses to competition for resources, institutional reforms and new partnerships, markets and economic productivity of irrigated agriculture, and synthesis and strategic responses.