Giusto Traina acknowledges the lack of resonance that irrationalist
thought such as this had in postwar Italy, but for the same reason sees Pavese's interest in it and in primitive mentality as pendants to other works atypical of the period, such as Eric R.
s insistence that Kierkegaard is not an irrationalist
40) Frank himself never renounced his irrationalist
conception of history is founded on a "dereferentialization of reality, effected by the action of the media, by reducing everything to simulacrum, simulation, representation of reality" (ZAIDAN 1989, p.
Blake was an irrationalist
, a title he would have accepted with delight, since hatred of Reason was a dominating passion of his life, The reference in his hymn Jerusalem to "dark Satanic mills" referred not primary to the mills of the Industrial Revolution (4), though he did not like them either, but to the universities of the Enlightenment which, he believed, were pumping out that poisonous product, Reason, He believed Reason came between Man and God, in contrast to those who believed Reason was one of the things that enabled Man to find God, He is said to have written: "Good news for Satan's kingdom" on a book of Francis Bacon's Essays.
And his attempts to evade control systems sometimes led him down bizarre paths, some of them excessively rationalist and some irrationalist
The positing of this 'inherent contradiction' is somewhat reminiscent of the contrast between effectiveness and 'anarchism' that traditionally underpins irrationalist
interpretations of anarchism.
Kant, of course, had not embraced the contradictions generated by the operations of reason, and did not draw Hegel's seemingly irrationalist
metaphysical conclusion that of the contradictoriness of all things.
We look at things in this way because the world of human emotions is sociological and has much to do with socialisation (education); we cannot therefore ignore this in the midst of hyper-rationalist and irrationalist
In particular, Martin, like Biro, emphasizes that critical theory could serve as a corrective to an irrationalist
tendency in deep ecology, since it offers a sophisticated critique of instrumentalist reason that nonetheless simultaneously preserves a respect for reason more generally.
This means that a person who started off as a rationalist ends up as an irrationalist
just through his own "rational" way of thinking.
But insofar as it can be viewed as an exemplum of the phenomenon that Freud called "the return of the repressed," the parallel between Pentheus and Aschenbach, first deniers of the irrationalist
abyss, then its victims, holds, tenuously.