Sympathomimetics (alpha-adrenergic agonists) include apraclonidine (Iopidine
), which has no human eye data, and brimonidine (Alphagan P), which has one case report in pregnancy and breastfeeding showing no fetal or nursing infant harm.
) is used most often in a higher concentration before and after some kinds of glaucoma laser surgery to prevent or control a rise in eye pressure that is common after the procedure.
After instillation of topical aproclonidine (0.5%), (Iopidine
, Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, Texas) the right pupil was measured as 2 mm, while the left one was measured as 4 mm, the anisocoria reversed and the ptosis was entirely resolved (Fig.1b).
eye drops and lid hygiene until surgery can be performed
; Alcon, Fort Worth, Texas) is an alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist normally used for the short-term reduction of intra-ocular pressure (IOP).
, Reduces Fatigue, Tell your doctor Alphagan production dizziness, red, if you are taking of aqueous itchy or swollen antidepressants, humor eyes, dry mouth, blood pressure allergic medication, reactions digoxin, insulin or sleeping pills, or if you have heart, liver or kidney disease.
* Alpha agonists such as apraclonidine (Iopidine
) to decrease fluid production and increase drainage
) often is prescribed when other glaucoma medications fail to sufficiently lower intraocular pressure.
Since then, the pharmaceutical industry has introduced topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (Trnsopt), alpha-2 agonists (Iopidine
) and, best of all, prostaglandin analogues (Xalatan), followed by combination drugs and other rival branded preparations in these three new categories.