vehicle

(redirected from Investment vehicle)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

vehicle

 [ve´ĭ-k'l]
2. any medium through which an impulse is propagated.

ve·hi·cle

(vē'hi-kĕl),
1. An excipient or a menstruum; a substance, usually without therapeutic action, used as a medium to give bulk for the administration of medicines.
2. An inanimate substance (for example, food, milk, dust, clothing, instrument) by which or on which an infectious agent passes from an infected to a susceptible host; vehicles consequently act as important sources of infection.
[L. vehiculum, a conveyance, fr. veho, to carry]

vehicle

/ve·hi·cle/ (ve´ĭ-k'l) excipient.

vehicle

(vē′ĭ-kəl)
n.
An inactive substance that is combined with an active medication to facilitate administration.

vehicle

[vē′ikəl]
Etymology: L, vehiculum, conveyance
1 an inert substance with which a medication is mixed to facilitate measurement and administration or application.
2 any fluid or structure in the body that passively conveys a stimulus.
3 any substance, such as food or water, that can serve as a mode of transmission for infectious agents.

vehicle

Epidemiology An inanimate intermediate in the indirect transmission of a pathogen from a reservoir or infected host to a susceptible host; vehicles include foods, clothing, instruments. Cf Vector Pharmacology An inert carrier or excipient for a therapeutic agent–eg, water, alcohol-containing elixirs or a sweetened syrup, which provides bulk or solubilizes a drug, facilitating deglutition. Cf Carrier, Schlepper, Vector.

ve·hi·cle

(vē'i-kĕl)
1. An excipient or a menstruum; a substance, usually without therapeutic action, used as a medium to give bulk for the administration of medicines.
2. An inanimate substance (e.g., food, milk, dust, clothing, instrument) by or on which an infectious agent passes from an infected to a susceptible host.
[L. vehiculum, a conveyance, fr. veho, to carry]

vehicle

an inanimate carrier of an infection from one host to another.

vehicle

non-active part of a medicament, i.e. carrier of active ingredient; may act as an agent in its own right, e.g. 3% salicylic acid in 70% industrial methylated spirit (IMS) is used to treat tinea pedis with hyperhidrosis; both active ingredient (3% salicylic acid) and vehicle (70% IMS) have astringent/antifungal properties (Table 1 and Table 2)
Table 1: Vehicles used to carry active ingredients for topical use in skin conditions
Vehicle typeComment
ApplicationsViscous solutions, emulsions or suspensions for application to the skin or nails
CollodionsClear paints carrying an active ingredient applied to the skin and left to dry to a flexible film (e.g. ichthammol in collodion)
CreamsEmulsions of oil and water generally well absorbed into the skin surface; creams are less greasy and easier to apply than ointments
GelsActive ingredients within a suitable hydrophilic or hydrophobic base; they have a high water content
LotionsA cooling preparation for external application, to the skin, formed as a liquid suspension often in an industrial methylated spirit or alcohol base
A shake lotion contains an insoluble powder in a liquid that must be shaken before use to disperse the powder evenly throughout the liquid medium, e.g. calamine lotion
OintmentsGreasy preparations that are usually insoluble in water; a salve or unguent; a semisolid preparation containing a medicinal agent in a fatty or waxy base, intended for topical application; the greasy base of an ointment (usually formulated from soft paraffin, or a combination of soft and hard paraffin) acts as an occlusive medium and makes it especially suitable for use on dry or anhydrous skin
Water-soluble ointments are based on macrogols and can be washed off
PastesStiff preparations containing a high proportion of fine solids, such as zinc oxide and starch; they are less occlusive than ointments and can be used to protect lichenified, inflamed or excoriated skin (e.g. in eczema)
Dusting powdersFine powders, e.g. talc, applied to apposing skin surfaces; they should not be used on moist or weeping surfaces
Table 2: Topical dusting powders for use on skin
Base agents
Starch, Chalk, Magnesium carbonate, Kaolin, Talc, Zinc oxide, Zinc stearate The base agent should augment the action of the active ingredient
Active ingredients
ExamplesActionIndicated use
Boric acid 5%
Salicylic acid 3-10%
Alum 10% Benzocaine 10%
Calamine
Chlorphensin 1%
Menthol 2%
Phenol 2.5%
Sodium perborate 15%
Sodium poly-metaphosphate 5%
Benzoin 10%
Undecenoic acid 2%
Zinc undecenoate 10%
Active against foetid bacteria
Astringent, antiseptic, antifungal
Strongly astringent and deodorant
Analgesic and antipruritic
Soothing, absorbent
Fungicidal
Fungicidal
Antipruritic and fungicidal
Antiseptic
Astringent
Astringent
Fungicidal
Fungicidal
Bromidrosis
Hyperhidrosis and mild fungal skin infection
Hyperhidrosis and bromidrosis
Irritant skin conditions
Irritant skin conditions
Fungal infections
Fungal infections
Irritant fungal infections
Mild skin infection
Prophylaxis of fungal infection
Hyperhidrosis
Fungal infection
Fungal infection

ve·hi·cle

(vē'i-kĕl)
1. An excipient or a menstruum; a substance, usually without therapeutic action, used as a medium to give bulk for the administration of medicines.
2. An inanimate substance by or on which an infectious agent passes from an infected to a susceptible host.
[L. vehiculum, a conveyance, fr. veho, to carry]

vehicle (vē´hikəl),

n a pharmaceutic ingredient, usually a liquid, employed as a medium for dissolving or dispersing the active drug in a mass suitable for its administration.
Veillonella alcalescens
n 1. an organism of the genus
Veillonella. n 2. a schizomycete that has been found in the flora of the periodontal pocket and, by association, has been implicated in the origin and perpetuation of periodontitis in human beings.

vehicle

1. a transporting agent, especially the component of a medication (prescription) serving as a solvent or to increase the bulk or decrease the concentration of the mixture.
2. any medium through which an impulse is propagated.

cloning vehicle
see cloning vector.
References in periodicals archive ?
The group also allegedly closed down the fraudulent investment vehicle in June 2008 and distributed its subprime holdings among other, legitimate, CUSO investment vehicles.
Its agricultural investment vehicle AgriCap Invest now plans to offer intelligent financial solutions to agricultural initiatives in Morocco and across North and Sub-Saharan Africa, the Mediterranean and the broader Middle east and North Africa region.
The investment vehicle - the largest shareholder in the retailer - first announced its 600p a share offer in July, but the summer's credit crunch has hampered its ability to raise financing.
Last week M&B said a proposed property joint venture with Mr Tchenguiz's investment vehicle R20 may be delayed "until debt markets improve".
Hunt notes that whole life isn't for everyone; he sees it as more of an enforced savings plan than an investment vehicle.
The consortium is led by Mubadala Development, the investment vehicle of the Abu Dhabi government, which will own 40% of the Zurich-based maintenance, repair and overhaul company after the purchase is completed in about two months.
For the more ambitious holiday green giver, there are other investment vehicles.
Thus, while the insurance company might lose money on these policies due to the greater-than-expected mortality, better persistency and initial up-front investment in agent commissions and underwriting expense, the life settlement investor may not make as much (or may actually lose money) as was expected when the investment vehicle was created.
financial institutions that have come to light over the past few years have seriously victimized the small investor and rocked the public's confidence in most investment vehicles.
As an investment vehicle, domestic real estate "looks good," Allen Reed, president and CEO of General Motors Investment Management Company and chairman of FEI's Committee on the Investment of Employee Benefit Assets, said on the PBS-TV program "Wall Street Week" on Nov.
There are additional computer programs which enable brokers to track the performance of an individual investment vehicle and produce a printout or chart illustrating the vehicle's performance.
MIAMI -- The Related Group, the nation's leading private multi-family developer in the United States, recently announced a $1 billion dollar investment vehicle with Lubert-Adler, a Philadelphia-based real estate private equity firm with over $6 billion in equity and $15 billion of assets under management.

Full browser ?