cranial cavity

(redirected from Intracranial space)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


1. a hollow or space, or a potential space, within the body or one of its organs; called also caverna and cavum.
2. the lesion produced by dental caries.
Cavities in the body. From Applegate, 2000.
abdominal cavity the cavity of the body between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below, containing the abdominal organs.
absorption c's cavities in developing compact bone due to osteoclastic erosion, usually occurring in the areas laid down first.
amniotic cavity the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid.
cranial cavity the space enclosed by the bones of the cranium.
glenoid cavity a depression in the lateral angle of the scapula for articulation with the humerus.
marrow cavity (medullary cavity) the cavity that contains bone marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone; called also medullary canal.
nasal cavity the proximal portion of the passages of the respiratory system, extending from the nares to the pharynx; it is divided into left and right halves by the nasal septum and is separated from the oral cavity by the hard palate.
oral cavity the cavity of the mouth, bounded by the jaw bones and associated structures (muscles and mucosa).
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis.
pericardial cavity the potential space between the epicardium and the parietal layer of the serous pericardium.
peritoneal cavity the potential space between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum.
pleural cavity the potential space between the two layers of pleura.
pulp cavity the pulp-filled central chamber in the crown of a tooth.
cavity of septum pellucidum the median cleft between the two laminae of the septum pellucidum. Called also pseudocele, pseudocoele, and fifth ventricle.
serous cavity a coelomic cavity, like that enclosed by the pericardium, peritoneum, or pleura, not communicating with the outside of the body and lined with a serous membrane, i.e., one which secretes a serous fluid.
tension cavity cavities of the lung in which the air pressure is greater than that of the atmosphere.
thoracic cavity the portion of the ventral body cavity situated between the neck and the diaphragm; it contains the pleural cavity.
tympanic cavity the major portion of the middle ear, consisting of a narrow air-filled cavity in the temporal bone that contains the auditory ossicles and communicates with the mastoid air cells and the mastoid antrum by means of the aditus and the nasopharynx by means of the auditory tube. The middle ear and the tympanic cavity were formerly regarded as being synonymous.
uterine cavity the flattened space within the uterus communicating proximally on either side with the fallopian tubes and below with the vagina.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cra·ni·al cav·i·ty

the space within the cranium occupied by the brain, its coverings, and cerebrospinal fluid.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cra·ni·al cav·i·ty

(krā'nē-ăl kav'i-tē) [TA]
The space within the skull occupied by the brain, its coverings, and cerebrospinal fluid.
Synonym(s): intracranial cavity.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cra·ni·al cav·i·ty

(krā'nē-ăl kav'i-tē) [TA]
Space within cranium occupied by brain, its coverings, and cerebrospinal fluid.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Irfan A, Qureshi A Intracranial space occupying lesions.
Once the slice containing relevant anatomical landmark is selected, MLS can be determined by measuring the distance between that structure and the iML, or half the width of the intracranial space, as described in Section 1.3.
Prompt medical attention, in which doctors removed the blood from the intracranial space, saved his life.
Diagnostic role of magnetic resonance spectroscopy in intracranial space occupying lesions (IC-SOLs): a prospective analytical study.
Endoscopic endonasal removal of a sphenoidal sinus foreign body extending into the intracranial space. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2014;20:139-42.
Cerebral localization is extremely rare, being seen in 2-3% of systemic disease and forming 2% of all intracranial space occupying lesions [2, 3, 5].
Cranial MRI studies demonstrated an irregular hyperintense lesion in T2 FLAIR and T1 FLAIR which originated from the right frontal sinus and advanced to the intracranial space, did not invade the intracerebral space, and had contrast enhancement (Figure 1).
I believe a neurootologist is an individual who subspecializes in diagnosis and treatment, specifically surgical treatment, of the intracranial space to include vestibular neurectomy, skull base tumors, vestibular schwannomas, etc.
They represent 0.15%-4% of intracranial space occupying lesions [3]; their most frequent location are the cerebrum and cerebellum, less frequent are the brain stem, basal ganglia, and thalamus.
If not properly treated, the inflammation can penetrate through the mastoid cortical bone behind the ear; even worse, it can enter the intracranial space and cause meningitis or an intracranial abscess.
Meena et al (2015)[5] found that most common tumours among intracranial space occupying lesions were gliomas (57%).
After obtaining informed consent, 180 adult patients (Age > 18 years), diagnosed with intracranial space occupying lesions, scheduled (ASA I, II, III) for elective supratentorial craniotomy with pre-operative GCS 15/15 were included in the study.