To increase the effectiveness of the criminal justice system's response to sexual violence, allied criminal justice professionals must recognize the serious impact of intimate partner sexual assault on the victim as well as the community, understand the contexts in which intimate partner sexual assaults occur, and appreciate the individual responses that victims of intimate partner sexual assaults have to their victimization.
They are, however, more experienced; more invested; cross more boundaries; are safer from exposure; create more betrayal and family conflict; and are more psychologically/emotionally involved in offending." (6) In addition, intimate partner sexual assault victims suffer a higher number of assaults.
Perpetrators of intimate partner sexual assault violate their victims physically and emotionally.
UNDERSTANDING THE CONTEXT OF AN INTIMATE PARTNER SEXUAL ASSAULT
Victims of intimate partner sexual assault may exhibit many of the behaviors described above.
Since many perpetrators of intimate partner sexual assault use sexual violence in the context of a physically violent relationship, many victims face collateral consequences relevant to domestic assault.
Washington (30) on their ability to prosecute an intimate partner sexual assault. A prosecutor will rarely be able to successfully prosecute an intimate partner sexual assault of competent adult victim (31) without the victim's cooperation because of the difficulty in overcoming the consent defense.
In the rare instance where an intimate partner sexual assault of a competent adult without the victim's cooperation is prosecuted, prosecutors must anticipate defense objections to the introduction of hearsay (34) as well as any "testimonial" statements under Crawford and Davis.
(12) Although some intimate partner assailants limit their violence to sexual assault, (13) the majority of intimate partner sexual assaults occur within a physically abusive relationship.