The anatomy of the intertarsal joint and its function in locomotion was studied by Schaller et al.
The intertarsal joint of the ostrich (Struthio camelus): anatomical examination and function of passive structures in locomotion.
The parrot was observed to shift weight caudally toward the intertarsal joints and away from the feet.
On physical examination, the bird was quiet, was nonweight-bearing on the left leg, and had increased edema of the left foot to the level of the left intertarsal joint.
The palpation of the intertarsal joints further revealed medial displacement of both gastrocnemius tendons, a condition called "slipped tendon" and commonly associated with valgus deformation of the intertarsal joint.
The orthogonal radiographic views revealed bilateral moderate to severe soft tissue swelling around the intertarsal joints (Figs 2 and 3).
5 mg/kg IM; Torbugesic, Fort Dodge Laboratories Inc, Madison, NJ, USA), and revealed bilateral intertarsal joint osteoarthritis and an old healed left ulnar fracture.
17) The intervertebral disk disease and the bilateral intertarsal joint osteoarthritis noted radiographically could also have contributed to the bird's decreased mobility.
joint problems are commonly diagnosed in cranes at this center, and most are traumatic in nature.
Postmortem examination revealed milky white kidneys, white crystalline deposits in the pericardial sack, and white crystals in one intertarsal
Arthritis was experimentally induced via intra-articular injection of microcrystalline sodium urate suspension (MSU) into 1 intertarsal
Intra- and interobserver variation was less than 7% for all stifle and intertarsal
joint measurements but frequently exceeded 10% for the hip-joint measurements.