interstitial lung disease

(redirected from Interstitial pneumonitis)

interstitial lung disease

Diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis Pulmonology A group of disorders characterized by scarring of deep lung tissue, leading to SOB and loss of functional alveoli, limiting O2 exchange; ILD is more common in smokers Etiology Inorganic and organic dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, medications, radiation, and certain lung infections, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, idiopathic
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Interstitial lung disease

About 180 diseases fall into this category of breathing disorders. Injury or foreign substances in the lungs (such as asbestos fibers) as well as infections, cancers, or inherited disorders may cause the diseases. They can lead to breathing or heart failure.
Mentioned in: Chest X Ray
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of interstitial pneumonitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by measuring circulating levels of KL-6, a human-MUC1 mucin.
Discontinue KANJINTI[TM] for anaphylaxis, angioedema, interstitial pneumonitis, or acute respiratory distress syndrome
CT scan findings of probable usual interstitial pneumonitis have a high predictive value for histologic usual interstitial pneumonitis.
Desquamative Interstitial pneumonitis. Cellular phase of fibrosing alveolitis.
Three deaths due to adverse events were reported: one due to septic shock (bacteremia, etiology unknown) and two due to interstitial lung disease (ILD; reported term: interstitial pneumonitis).
Germline mutations in the human TERT and TERC cause autosomal dominant dyskeratosis congenita, a rare hereditary disorder associated with premature death from aplastic anemia and pulmonary fibrosis.[18] TERT variants are the most frequently identified rare mutations related to pulmonary fibrosis, which were found in up to 15% of familial interstitial pneumonitis and in 1-3% sporadic cases.[8] This Ala716Thr variant of TERT was firstly reported in children with severe aplastic anemia and a family history of lung fibrosis.[19],[20] Thus, it was considered that within a single family carried this mutation, older generations were more likely to affected by adult-onset pulmonary fibrosis, whereas bone marrow failure was the first presentation in subsequent generations at a younger age.
Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is an idiopathic interstitial pneumonitis. This rare entity characterized by fibroelastic the pleural and subpleural lung parenchymal thickening particularly located in the upper lobes of lungs.
Radiological findings included any pulmonary infiltrate, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, ground-glass opacity, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, reticular shadowing, or features of pulmonary hypertension and interstitial pneumonitis. Eligible cases from the literature were included in the review.
Takabayashi et al., "Corticosteroid resistant interstitial pneumonitis in dermatomyositis/polymyositis: Prediction and treatment with cyclosporine," The Journal of Rheumatology, vol.
Immune complex deposition can result in palpable purpura, cryoglobulinemia-associated glomerulonephritis, interstitial pneumonitis, and peripheral neuropathy [8].

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