Most South African media coverage featured government officials, fans, family, and friends who continually reiterated that Semenya was not intersexed
(or "hermaphroditic"--a term widely used in the media reporting but that has a medical etiology that is largely considered offensive), but rather that she was unquestionably a woman.
in which Howe was writing, the threat posed by the intersexed
persons themselves have spoken out against early
Pamela Caughie traces gender classification in recent history, noting that, prior to the rise of modern science and the bureaucratic state in the 19th century, intersexed
people (i.e., those previously known as hermaphrodites) had a choice in determining their gender.
Gender studies classes at IU thus tend to be populated by all sorts of bodies: male, female, trans, transitioning and intersexed
; undergraduate masculinity classes, however, are overwhelmingly filled with female-identifying heterosexual-identifying students and a small percentage of mostly straight-identifying men, a discrepancy in numbers that can often be illustrative.
According to Act 49 of 2003 (the Alteration of Sex Description and Sex Status Act) 'Any person whose sexual characteristics have been altered by surgical or medical treatment or by evolvement through natural development resulting in gender reassignment, or any person who is intersexed
, may apply to the Director General of the National Department of Home Affairs for the alteration of the sex description on his or her birth register'.
Now imagine that you also identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, questioning, queer, (1) and/or intersexed
. What would you look for in a program?
Other common versions include GLBT (gay, lesbian, bi-sexual, transgendered), LGBTIQ (with the 'I' signifying persons who are 'intersexed
' and the 'Q' signifying persons who are 'queer' or 'questioning'), a term gaining more prevalence in the field is LBGTTTIQ (here the additional 'T's are intended to signify persons who are 'transsexual and transsensual' or alternately 'transsexual and two-spirited').
"Recent medical literature indicates that approximately one to four percent of the world's population may be intersexed
and have either ambiguous or noncongruent sex features." (160) Even if it were advisable to use the courts to mandate disclosure of anatomical sex, this minority of people would be at risk; a disgruntled sexual partner could point to "ambiguous or noncongruent sex features" and claim they had been deceived regarding the "true" biological sex of their intersex partner.
(1.) This article uses only LBQ, since the focus is solely on girls; no transgender or intersexed
girls were at the facilities and no interviewees made comments about such individuals.
Variation in the human body is natural and not as uncommon as we might believe: Approximately one in 2,000 people are born intersexed
. Nonetheless we sort people into two distinct categories: male or female.
The tribunal was satisfied that "[g]ender ambiguity as in transsexualism or intersexed
is a form of sex" and that "transgenderism is the sexual identity of a person and it is of critical importance to demand or attract protection under the Code under the ground of sex" (ibid.