distance of NIGAB-3 has increased 5.79% while that of NIGAB-4 decreased when compared with MNH-886.
The anatomical characteristics, such as vascular bundle frequency (VBF), fiber length (FL), and parenchyma lumen diameters (PLD) of internodes
and nodes, were determined using the methods reported in our previous research (Huang et al.
We hypothesized that Sclerorhabditis is carried between trees by Azteca queens, and within trees by worker ants, and therefore its presence in Cecropia trees, and in individual internodes
, is dependent upon the presence of Azteca.
Evidence for the uptake of sucrose intact into sugarcane internodes
. Plant Physiol., 1989; 90: 6-8
In the newly planted field, the average percent dead-heart, the average percent stalk damaged and the average percent internodes
bored in the untreated area were increased by 12.31%, 26.13%, 6.85%, respectively significantly higher than those in the treated areas, and the average effective stems number and average yield of sugarcane in the untreated areas were reduced by 10895 stalk/ ha and 15.59 T/ha, respectively significantly less than those in the treated areas.
The expression of PvARF genes in the second internodes
(I2), the third internodes
(I3), the fourth internodes
(I4), the second leaves (L2), the third leaves (L3), and the fourth leaves (L4) of switchgrass.
Relative Degree of Internode
Alignment and Internode
After 1980s, however, further shortening the plant height has ceased, but in an attempt to increase grain yield, improvement of culm strength by increasing internode
diameter and culm fresh weight has been done.
Moreover, the results showed high GCV for millable cane (22.28) and individual cane weight (37.79), while leaf blade length (4.45), chlorophyll content (5.39), number of internodes
length (8.55), plant height (7.14), stalk length (4.38), and brix% (7.05) showed low GCV.
Within this pattern, the Cypereae spikelets show variations in (Tables 1 and 2): (A) number and phyllotaxis of the glumes; (B) presence of empty glumes (lack of development of flowers in lower or upper glumes); (C) glume morphology; (D) rachilla internode
length; (E) prophyll development; (F) flower structure; (G) structure of the dispersal unit.
There is evidence of high neutral isozyme levels for the acid isozyme; such relation could be closely associated with the plant's capacity of accumulating sucrose in ripe internodes
(RICARDO & SO VI A, 1974).
The percentage of bored internodes
is conventionally used as an index of infestation intensity and reliably correlates with yield losses (Metcalfe 1969; Milligan et al.