The remaining four nasal vowels were labeled /[??]/, /[??]/, /[??]/, and /[??]/ in 1888 when the International Phonetic Alphabet
was first conceived.
Chapters describe the rationale for using phonics and the role of phonetics in phonics, the International Phonetic Alphabet
and basic principles of English phonetics and phonology, ways to link phonetics knowledge to teaching spelling and reading using the framework of the Adult Literacy Core Curriculum, and different accents in English.
Marquart does not use the International Phonetic Alphabet
in her discussion on vowels, perhaps because the novice singer would be unfamiliar with it.
The book opens with a lengthy discussion of Spanish diction for singers and provides symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet
, as well as translations, for every song text.
Singers who are accustomed to using the International Phonetic Alphabet
will rue the absence of phonetic transcriptions, and the volume does not include an overview of pronunciation.
Dibbern, head of music for Minnesota Opera, translated the libretto of Jules Massenet's (1842-1912) opera Manon from the original French into both English and International Phonetic Alphabet
symbols to provide a study guide for singers preparing perform it.
An Appendix is included at the end of this volume that charts the international phonetic alphabet
For beginning teachers, a glossary of foreign and unfamiliar terms is provided, as well as a guide to the International Phonetic Alphabet
which is used frequently throughout the text.
A concise pronunciation guide presents each Latin sound in its transcription into the International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA), as well as an English word with the same (or similar) sound.
Focusing on Czech and English-language performances, he presents instructions for singing the work in Czech, English translations of the complete libretto and International Phonetic Alphabet
for Czech pronunciation, and translations of stage and musical directions.
Greive does not limit the essay to works for the voice, but provides historical and cultural context for this music that he considers "under-discovered." In subsequent chapters, Schultz offers brief biographic information for seven composers, as well as translations and transcriptions into the International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA) for seventy-one of their songs.