interleukin

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Related to Interleukin receptor: Cytokine receptor, interleukin 4 receptor

interleukin

 [in´ter-loo″kin]
one of several proteins important for lymphocyte proliferation. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is produced by macrophages and induces the production of interleukin-2 by T cells that have been stimulated by antigen or mitogen. Interleukin-2 (IL-2), produced by T cells, stimulates the proliferation of T cells bearing specific receptors for IL-2; these receptors are expressed in response to antigenic stimulation. IL-2 also seems to induce the production of interferon and is used as an anticancer drug in the treatment of a wide variety of solid malignant tumors. Another interleukin, interleukin-3 (IL-3) is necessary for the differentiation of suppressor T cells.

in·ter·leu·kin (IL),

(in'tĕr-lū'kin),
The name given to a group of multifunctional cytokines after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and certain other cells. See: lymphokine, cytokine.
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]

interleukin

(ĭn′tər-lo͞o′kĭn)
n.
Any of various small proteins that are produced by a variety of cell types, especially T cells and other white blood cells, and that regulate many aspects of inflammation and the immune response, including stimulating the production of white blood cells and platelets.

interleukin

Immunology Any of a family of cytokines produced by lymphocytes, monocytes, and other cells, which induce growth and differentiation of lymphoid cells and primitive hematopoietic stem cells;. See Biological response modifier.

in·ter·leu·kin

(IL) (in'tĕr-lū'kin)
The name given to a group of multifunctional cytokines after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and some other cells.
See also: lymphokine, cytokine
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]

in·ter·leu·kin

(IL) (in'tĕr-lū'kin)
Group of eight multifunctional cytokines designated after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and some other cells.
See: cytokine
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]