They are generally located in the costovertebral area and often arise from intercostal nerves
or sympathetic chain.
Abnormal distribution of the nervus dorsalis scapulae, and of certain of the intercostal nerves
. J Anat Physiol.
2 A variety of strategies including spinal anesthesia, intercostal nerve
block, systemic opioids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and alpha-2 agonist are used to control pain.
Neurotization of brachial plexus avulsion with intercostal nerves
It was shown that the intercostal nerve
was exposed to injury in 85% of the cadavers at the lateral border of the paraspinous muscle, and in 100% at both the mid-scapular line and the posterior axillary line.
* Difficulty breathing--if the intercostal nerves
are blocked patients may feel that they cannot take a deep breath.
(1996) An anatomical analysis of the relationships between the intercostal nerves
and the thoracic and abdominal muscles in man.
Thus, stimulating along the lower thoracic ribs closer to the origin of intercostal nerves
may increase abdominal muscle responses.
The rectus sheath block anaesthetises the 9th, 10th and 11th intercostal nerves
in its course through the rectus sheath.
follows the line of intercostal nerves
on the chest) and overall covers the area marked out by shorts and a T-shirt.
(A) Rib-associated intercostal nerves
are rerouted and connected to the paralysis-affected femoral cutaneous (into thigh) and ilioinguinal nerves, restoring some leg and sexual sensation.