developmental disability

(redirected from Intellectually disabled)
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disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
The findings of the current study revealed high prevalence of self-injurious behaviour in intellectually disabled children.
In such a light it is therefore appropriate to frame the collaborative exhibition at Blue Oyster as both an "integrated" exhibition involving six "local artists," and to positively identify three of the artists (Darryl Breen, Heather Jarvis, Kellie Shaw) as intellectually disabled.
Work with intellectually disabled children is not a normal or specific time bound job but it is the throughout life job for mother and the tiring nature of this endless job increases mental health risks and lessen satisfaction with life (Abbas andKhanam, 2013).
In Pakistan, the exact number of intellectually disabled is not known due to lack of official census on regular basis.
Virginia, (19) held that the intellectually disabled were categorically exempted from execution, but left the determination of who is actually intellectually disabled and entitled to that exemption to the states.
20) The Supreme Court was once again faced with a criminal defendant who was intellectually disabled and had been sentenced to death for his crimes by the State of Virginia.
14) These studies also revealed that caregivers of intellectually disabled individuals face various kinds of challenges, such as psychological, social, and economic challenges due to poverty.
In a bid to support Karachi Vocational Training Centre's (KVTC) commitment to integrate intellectually disabled individuals into the mainstream society of Pakistan, leading online vehicle marketplace Carmudi.
Kennedy), Rosemary was intellectually disabled from birth and experienced mood swings.
39) An intellectually disabled person may also struggle with decisions regarding social judgment and risk assessment, causing him or her to potentially lack communication skills which could make the person more disruptive and aggressive.
She stuck around with her video camera for four years, shooting the boys, their intellectually disabled older sister, and their parents, Susanne and Oscar Angulo.
The network began in northern France in 1964, when Vanier invited two intellectually disabled men to live with him as friends.