developmental disability

(redirected from Intellectually disabled)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
This content is provided by iMedix and is subject to iMedix Terms. The Questions and Answers are not endorsed or recommended and are made available by patients, not doctors.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his successful appeal filed last month, his attorneys argued he had been diagnosed by multiple professionals as intellectually disabled based on consistently low IQ scores and severe deficits such as being unable to read a clock or tell right from left.
With respect to the subjective indicia, the Court in Atkins determined that none of the purposes of punishment justified the execution of intellectually disabled offenders.
The film's plot focuses on intellectually disabled actors, Attar stated.
The summer of 2018 will mark the 50th anniversary of Special Olympics, an organization with deep Chicago roots that is now the largest sporting competition in the world for intellectually disabled children and adults.
It has been reported that individuals with autism spectrum disorders and ID have high vulnerability to developing NSSI.9-11 Besides self-injury, other types of challenging behaviours and emotional difficulties have also been found among intellectually disabled participants.
In addition to expanding caregiver services, the acquisition introduces access to a new travel training programme that teaches intellectually disabled clients basic life skills in public transportation, money management and scheduling practices.
The ENs in mental health work across all inpatient areas--acute adult general, forensic, intellectually disabled persons' health, rehab and youth and child.
The patriarch of the family Alex volunteers at various organizations that assist the intellectually disabled, while his son Aaron helps out at the Boys and Girls Club of America in his spare time.
The role of civil society institutions specialized in the care of the intellectually disabled people should also be activated in this matter in order to help transitional service institutions for people with intellectual disabilities in teaching more diverse set of skills to the technological development in society.
Among the myths some people buy into about autistic people is that they're intellectually disabled; tell that to Wigney's daughter, Zsofika, who is a junior in the University of Oregon's Honors College.