developmental disability

(redirected from Intellectual impairment)
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Related to Intellectual impairment: Intellectual disabilities


1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

developmental disability

A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
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References in periodicals archive ?
Although mental or intellectual impairment has the lowest percentages, both nationwide (1.4%) and in the MAM (1.3%), it is a disability that is in a different situation from the others, as studies show a greater stigma surrounding it, "[...] taking from them [individuals with these types of disability] their right to an autonomous and fulfilling adult life [...]" (Dias, 2013, p.
Women with physical or intellectual impairments are at higher risk of abuse (19,30,33-36) and women with a history of sexual abuse may find a Pap smear threatening.
Under the updated guidelines, the authors relaxed the criteria so that children can be diagnosed if they have domains of either intellectual impairment or behavioral changes that are 1.5 standard deviations below the age-adjusted mean, rather than the previous 2 standard deviations.
Children with microcephaly face lifelong difficulties, including intellectual impairment.
His lawyers said a medical expert believed Ali's "signifi-cant intellectual impairment" made him more likely to make things up and that he was a "habitual liar".
Abdul Ghaffar Biloo said iodine deficiency causes increased child mortality, mental retardation, deaf and dumbness, stunting, intellectual impairment (low IQ levels), hypothyroidism, cretinism, goiter, maternal mortality and morbidity.
Should one who drinks half a bottle of vodka and eight cans of strong lager a day, despite being repeatedly warned her baby could be born with facial abnormalities, intellectual impairment and stunted growth?
Dr Sylvane Desrivieres said that they wanted to find out how structural differences in the brain relate to differences in intellectual ability and added that the genetic variation identified, is linked to synaptic plasticity and may help explain biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual impairment.
Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) is a major global cause of preventable hearing impairment, blindness, and intellectual impairment [1].
"Mercury is one of the top 10 chemicals of major public health concern and is a substance which disperses into and remains in ecosystems for generations, causing severe ill health and intellectual impairment to exposed populations."
In this work, learning disabilities are defined to encompass intellectual impairment and cognitive disabilities, physical and sensory impairments, and differences associated with the autistic spectrum.
The UPDRS measures many aspects of daily life, from intellectual impairment and speech to walking and performing basic household chores.

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