insula

(redirected from Insula cortex)
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island

 [i´land]
a cluster of cells or an isolated piece of tissue.
blood i's aggregations of mesenchymal cells in the angioblast of the embryo, developing into vascular endothelium and blood cells.
i's of Langerhans islets of Langerhans.
island of Reil insula.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

in·su·la

, gen. and pl.

in·su·lae

(in'sū-lă, -lē), [TA]
1. An oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure), separated from the adjacent frontal, parietal, and temporal opercula by the circular sulcus of insula. Synonym(s): insular area, insular cortex, island of Reil
2. Synonym(s): island
3. Any circumscribed body or patch on the skin.
[L. island]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

insula

(ĭn′sə-lə, ĭns′yə-)
n. pl. insu·lae (-lē′)
An oval region found in each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex, lateral to the lentiform nucleus and situated within the sylvian fissure, involved in sensation, emotion, and autonomic function. Also called island of Reil.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

in·su·la

(in'sū-lă) [TA]
1. An oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure).
Synonym(s): island of Reil.
2. Synonym(s): island.
3. Any circumscribed body or patch on the skin.
[L. island]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Reil,

Johann C., German physician, neurologist, and histologist, 1759-1813.
circular sulcus of Reil - a semicircular fissure. Synonym(s): circular sulcus of insula; limiting sulcus of Reil
island of Reil - an oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure). Synonym(s): insula; insular area; insular cortex
limiting sulcus of Reil - Synonym(s): circular sulcus of Reil
Reil ansa - a complex fiber bundle. Synonym(s): ansa peduncularis
Reil band - Synonym(s): medial lemniscus; septomarginal trabecula
Reil ribbon - Synonym(s): medial lemniscus
Reil triangle - Synonym(s): lemniscal trigone
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Hb group, the Hb was stimulated continuously for at least 30 min at 50 Hz, 120 Hz, 130 Hz, or 280 Hz before and after the insula cortex was stimulated.
** (#) denotes P < 0.001 before and after stimulation in the insula cortex, while ** and * denote P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively, between the OSA model and different stimulation frequencies in the habenula.
Participants were 15 patients (12 females, 3 males; mean age = 36.9 years) who suffered from a frontal lobe brain tumour around the insula cortex of the right hemisphere and had subsequently undergone a neurosurgical resective operation.
It has been argued that the right anterior insula cortex and operculum underlie a metarepresentation of the state of the body that is associated with subjective body awareness [18, 19].
In addition, the insula cortex has distinct auditory and multisensorial connections (with the prefrontal and auditory cortices, amygdala, thalamus, parabrachial nucleus, orbitofrontal cortex, striate, cuneus, and cerebellum) that have been identified through functional imaging techniques to be dysfunctional in cases of severe tinnitus [88].