institutional review board


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Institutional Review Board

 
a group of peers in a clinical setting that examines a research proposal to insure patient safety and addresses the ethics of the proposed study.

institutional review board (IRB),

the standing committee in a hospital or other facility that is charged with responsibility for ensuring the safety and well-being of human subjects involved in research (that is, research complies with ethical norms and values).

institutional review board

Medical ethics A review body of physicians and lay persons established or designated by an entity–eg, a university hospital or academic health care facility, to protect the safety and welfare of human subjects participating in biomedical or behavioral research; the IRB debates and approves or rejects research projects performed at the institution. See Ethics committee, Helsinki Declaration, Nuremburg code.

In·sti·tu·tion·al Re·view Board

(IRB) (in'sti-tū'shŭn-ăl rĕ-vyū' bōrd)
The standing committee in a hospital or other facility that is charged with responsibility for ensuring the safety and well-being of human subjects involved in research.
References in periodicals archive ?
Great ethical divides: Bridging the gap between institutional review boards and researchers.
If an institution has an Institutional Review Board, librarians are a logical choice to be included as a member of the IRB, as long as they themselves are interested in research and have a proven record of research and publication.
Ethical Imperialism: Institutional Review Boards and the Social Sciences 1965-2009 (reprint, 2010)
Amdur (radiation oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine) and Bankert (Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects, Dartmouth College) give Institutional Review Board (IRB) members and administrators information they need to protect human research subjects in compliance with federal regulations.
Following 10 months of debate on medical, ethical and psychological issues, the Cleveland Clinic announced on October 15th that it is the first institution in the world to receive institutional review board approval to perform a human face transplant on someone who is severely disfigured by burns or disease.
These data were collected as part of an outbreak investigation and therefore were exempt from formal institutional review board aprovals.
Ethical research requires that couples give informed consent to donate spare embryos, that embryos not be bought or sold, that they are not allowed to cleave more than 14 days post fertilization, and that researchers obtain institutional review board approval and expect to obtain important clinical data from their work.
"Any physician who participated in human cloning at this time would be doing human experimentation without the necessary first steps of successful trials in animals and approval from the appropriate institutional review board. This would be both unethical and unprofessional," Dr.
For example, in an October 1993 press statement, Stillman said the experiment was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Ethics Committee of the Medical Center." The IRB is a group of professionals that reviews all requests to conduct research related to human subjects at GW.
M2 PHARMA-December 14, 2018-Check-Cap to launch US Pilot Study of C-Scan upon review and approval by Institutional Review Board (IRB)
Trovagene have received Institutional Review Board approval from Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center and its Phase 2 clinical trial of PCM-075 in combination with Zytiga and prednisone in metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer is officially activated and recruiting patients.
Special Notice:National Institutes of Health has issued new policy on the Use of a Single Institutional Review Board for Multi-Site Research.

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