institutional review board

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Institutional Review Board

a group of peers in a clinical setting that examines a research proposal to insure patient safety and addresses the ethics of the proposed study.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

institutional review board (IRB),

the standing committee in a hospital or other facility that is charged with responsibility for ensuring the safety and well-being of human subjects involved in research (that is, research complies with ethical norms and values).
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

institutional review board

Medical ethics A review body of physicians and lay persons established or designated by an entity–eg, a university hospital or academic health care facility, to protect the safety and welfare of human subjects participating in biomedical or behavioral research; the IRB debates and approves or rejects research projects performed at the institution. See Ethics committee, Helsinki Declaration, Nuremburg code.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

In·sti·tu·tion·al Re·view Board

(IRB) (in'sti-tū'shŭn-ăl rĕ-vyū' bōrd)
The standing committee in a hospital or other facility that is charged with responsibility for ensuring the safety and well-being of human subjects involved in research.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Before approving this study, the Institutional Ethics Committee of Monash University went further by seeking outside scientific advice and requiring an independent expert clinician be available to counsel volunteers.
Within 48 hours of obtaining the second opinion, the attending of record must prepare the case for review and forward it to the Institutional Ethics Committee. The attending of record must provide to that body clinical and scientific information pertinent to the determination that the intervention is medically inappropriate.
One of its functions `is to monitor and advise on the system of Institutional Ethics Committees'.
The emergence of institutional ethics committees. Law, Medicine and Health Care, 12(1), 13-20.
Instead of taking action against the plagiarists, the institutional ethics committee called a meeting and blamed the Editor who had pointed it out for indulging in defaming the professional colleagues.
With institutional ethics committee approval, we retrospectively reviewed the records of the first 45 patients undergoing high-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy from January 2003 to July 2005.
For an institutional ethics committee, the president/CEO of the hospital may recommend membership with approval by the Board or may have sole appointing authority.
The ethical dilemmas that we have encountered, in the work of the Kennedy Aging Project (especially in our bimonthly Ethics Conferences) and in the Institutional Ethics Committee of the Walter E.
Approval for the study was obtained from the institutional ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from all the participants.
To this end, the bill requires an institutional ethics committee in the facilities to which it applies.

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