venom

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Related to Insect venom: Bee venom

venom

 [ven´om]
poison, especially a toxic substance normally secreted by a serpent, insect, or other animal.
Russell's viper venom the venom of Vipera russelli (Russell's viper), which acts in vitro as an intrinsic thromboplastin and is useful in defining deficiencies of coagulation factor X.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ven·om

(ven'ŏm),
A poisonous fluid secreted by snakes, spiders, scorpions, etc.
[M. Eng. and O. Fr. venim, fr. L. venenum, poison]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

venom

(vĕn′əm)
n.
A poisonous secretion of an animal, such as a snake, spider, or scorpion, usually transmitted to prey or to attackers by a bite or sting.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

venom

Toxicology A poisonous substance produced by an insect or animal, stored in specific sacs and sundry sites, and released by biting or stinging; venoms, the original biological weapons, are used for defense and to capture prey. See Snake venom, Yellow jacket venom.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ven·om

(ven'ŏm)
A toxin secreted by snakes, spiders, scorpions, and other cold-blooded animals.
[M. Eng. and O. Fr. venim, fr. L. venenum, poison]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

venom

Poison produced by scorpions, some jellyfish, some fish, a few snakes, some toads, the Gila monster, some spiders and a few insects such as bees, wasps or hornets. Venoms act in various ways and may affect either the nervous system, to cause paralysis, or the blood to cause either widespread clotting or bleeding. Venoms are seldom fatal except in very young or debilitated people.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Venom

A poisonous substance secreted by an animal, usually delivered through a bite or a sting.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Individuals suspected of having IgE-mediated allergy to aeroallergens and/or insect venoms were recruited prospectively from July 2001 to December 2001 from all those presenting to the Allergy Unit of the Department of Dermatology and Allergy of the Technical University of Munich.
This is especially important during the insect season and during the course of insect venom immunotherapy, and in particular, is useful in case you are alone and stung and you develop severe, sudden shock-like (anaphylactic) symptoms.
Insect venoms are available for the treatment of allergies to honey bee, yellow jacket, hornet and wasp.
Since avoiding attacks cannot be guaranteed, allergic individuals should also protect themselves through a program of long-term management of their body's tolerance to insect venom. This is accomplished through a series of injections of extracts of insect venom, beginning with a very small dose and gradually increasing the strength of the extract until the patient can tolerate a normal exposure to insect bites or bee stings.
However, one member of the teamnotes, fire ant venom contains little protein compared with some other insect venoms, and further studies would have to be performed to see if the tenderizer is effective against wasp or bee stings.
Annually, more people die as a result of insect venom than they do from snake venom, and while some of these victims succumb to the toxic effects of multiple stings, many fatalities are the results of allergic reaction to one or two stings.
But it was recently reported that there are currently (http://khn.org/news/insect-venom-shortage-stings-allergy-sufferers-this-summer/) shortages of the insect venoms , partly due to contamination issues, and doctors might have to limit their treatment only to patients who need it the most.
Reisman, "Unusual reactions to insect venoms," Allergy Proceedings, vol.
Common causes of anaphylaxis include foods (peanut, fish, egg, legumes) and preservatives (metabisulphites), insect venoms (bees, wasps, hornets, fire ants), latex, medications (antibiotics, especially beta lactams, vaccines, muscle relaxants, steroids, insulin) and subcutaneous immunotherapy preparations.
For example, as a general rule I order IgE protein-specific tests for the five common flying insect venoms, because most children cannot tell if a wasp, hornet, or bee stung them.
Some allergens are more commonly associated with anaphylaxis than others--for example, certain insect venoms and drugs such as penicillin and, among foods, fish, peanuts, nuts, eggs and seeds.