found that 85 % of preterm received red blood cell transfusion and it was associated with the use of inotropic drugs
.  Mimica et al.
As a bright star of fluid management, with the use of fluid load or combination of inotropic drugs
to make body achieve the best oxygenation, GDFT can improve capacity state timely and dynamically.
Other methods, such as inotropic drugs
, may be used to improve the Frank-Starling curve.
Heart rate changes by 10bpm for every 1 degree C change in temperature but when on inotropic drugs
this is less sensitive.
Normal saline was given twice at a dose of 20 cc/kg and treatment with positive inotropic drugs
(dobutamine and noradrenaline) was initiated.
The need of positive inotropic drugs
is a marker of severity after cardiac surgery, because patients who require vasopressors are at higher risk than those who do not .
In addition, a central venous line is necessary for administration of inotropic drugs
Atropine, inotropic drugs
, or pacemaker therapy may be required.
In univariate analysis, Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest (P=0.026), positive inotropic drugs
(P=0.031), postoperative stroke (P=0.016), postoperative acute renal failure (P=0.031), postoperative respiratory failure (P=0.000), showed significant univariate influence (Table 3).
However, very recently, two large, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of levosimendan in patients undergoing cardiac surgery have shown no clear advantage over conventional inotropic drugs
for the management of perioperative low cardiac output syndrome [99, 100].
Our choice of inotropic drugs
included norepinephrine, epinephrine, and Dopamine.
The necessity of inotropic support and the choice of inotropic drugs
to be administered on weaning from CPB were determined by a cardiac anaesthetist team blinded to and independent of the study.