inner plexiform layer


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inner plexiform layer

[TA]
the layer of the retina composed of the processes of bipolar cells, ganglion cells, and amacrine cells; a layer containing synaptic contacts.
Synonym(s): stratum plexiforme internum [TA]
References in periodicals archive ?
In the transverse sections of the olfactory bulb, from the outside to the inside in order to nerve fiber layer, glomerular layer, external plexiform layer, mitral cell layer, inner plexiform layer, granular cell layer.
Because OCT technology significantly enhances the imaging resolution, the segmentation of retinal layers, such as the ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), is now possible.
Among the amyloid-positive subjects, the inner plexiform layer was slightly larger in volume.
The transplanted RGCs migrated into the host ganglion cell layer, extending neuritis into the inner plexiform layer, terminating in the geniculate nucleus and the superior colliculus.
The thicknesses of the total retina (between the inner limiting membrane and pigment epithelium), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and inner nuclear layer (INL) and the combined thickness of the outer plexiform and outer nuclear layers (pooled as the outer retinal layers, ORL) were measured.
In addition to these changes, reduced VA has been correlated with thinning of the ganglion cell layer + inner plexiform layer (GCLIPL) and the photoreceptor outer segment layer (OSL) in subjects with and without DME [16, 17].
Moreover, recent SD OCT software provides a selective evaluation of the inner retinal layers at the macular represent ganglion cell complex (GCC), which includes the nerve fiber layer (NFL), the ganglion cell layer (GCL), and the inner plexiform layer (IPL), providing valuable information regarding early preperimetric glaucomatous ganglion cell damage [10-13].
In addition, spermidine at 20 nmol/eye slightly decreased the thickness of the inner plexiform layer (IPL) and the inner nuclear layer (INL) from days 7 to 28 and days 14 to 28, respectively (Figures 4(g)-4(l)), but spermidine at 10 and 30 nmol/eye did not affect the inner retinal structure on day 7 (Figures 4(m)-4(p)).
At 96 hpf, Bves expressed cells were localized around inner plexiform layer (IPL) and RPE (Figures 1(g), 1(g'), and 1(g")).
This structure is different from the vertebrate retina, which contains 10 layers: (1) retinal pigment epithelium, (2) cone and rod layer, (3) outer limiting membrane, (4) outer nuclear layer, (5) outer plexiform layer, (6) inner nuclear layer, (7) inner plexiform layer, (8) ganglion cell layer, (9) nerve fiber layer, and (10) inner limiting membrane (Blaxter & Janes 1967).
Weaker ZnT-3 reaction bands were present in the inner plexiform layer. In contrast, the outer nuclear layer and photoreceptor outer segments remained clear of ZnT-3 immunoreactivity.
The central retinal artery (CRA, branch of the OA) supplies the inner third of the retina (inner limiting membrane to inner plexiform layer) and branches into the inferior-temporal, inferior-nasal, superior-temporal and superior-nasal arteries (referred to as retinal circulation).