The central retinal artery (CRA, branch of the OA) supplies the inner third of the retina (inner limiting membrane to inner plexiform
layer) and branches into the inferior-temporal, inferior-nasal, superior-temporal and superior-nasal arteries (referred to as retinal circulation).
He was looking for volumetric changes in several of the retinal layers: the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, macular RNFL, ganglion cell layer, inner plexiform
layer, outer nuclear layer, outer plexiform layer, and inner nuclear layer.
Macular area was also divided into four layers, which were superficial retina (upper line: internal limiting membrane with offset of 3 microns; lower line: inner plexiform
layer with offset of 15 microns), deep retina (upper line: inner plexiform
layer with offset of 15 microns; lower line: inner plexiform
layer with offset of 70 microns), outer retina (upper line: inner plexiform
layer with offset of 70 microns; lower line: retinal pigment epithelium reference layer with offset of 30 microns), and choroid layers (upper line: retinal pigment epithelium reference layer with offset of 30 microns; lower line: retinal pigment epithelium reference layer with offset of 60 microns).
The ganglion cell complex (GCC) scan protocol was used to measure the macular GCC thickness from the inner limiting membrane (ILM) to the inner plexiform
This structure is different from the vertebrate retina, which contains 10 layers: (1) retinal pigment epithelium, (2) cone and rod layer, (3) outer limiting membrane, (4) outer nuclear layer, (5) outer plexiform layer, (6) inner nuclear layer, (7) inner plexiform
layer, (8) ganglion cell layer, (9) nerve fiber layer, and (10) inner limiting membrane (Blaxter & Janes 1967).
The ischemia induced toxic cellular damage in the retina as shown by the loss of ganglion cells and the reduction of thickness of the ganglion cell, inner plexiform
, and inner nuclear layers.
In the normal retina (Figure 6(a)), anti-GABA antibody labels the inner plexiform
layer (IPL), the amacrine cells located on the inner lamina of the INL, and the horizontal cells located on the outer lamina of the INL.
Weaker ZnT-3 reaction bands were present in the inner plexiform
Macular thickness measurements can be used to identify glaucomatous optic neuropathy due to the loss of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), ganglion cell bodies, and the inner plexiform
layer (IPL), which causes thinning of the retina.
12,13,14) The GCC has been defined as a region encompassing the nerve fiber layer, the ganglion cell layer, and the inner plexiform
layer, and is used to evaluate the morphology of the inner retinal layers.
As shown in Figure 4(a), immunocytochemistry using the anti-MT1 or anti-MT2 antibody identified strong and specific immunoreactivity in the ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform
layer of the retina.
This lecture will, in relation to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), review the statistical procedures for identifying visual field abnormality and discuss the graphical and statistical techniques for illustrating, and defining abnormality, of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and of the macular ganglion cell inner plexiform
layer thicknesses imaged by optical coherence tomography.