hair cell

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Related to Inner hair cells: vestibular hair cells

hair cell

n.
A cell with hairlike processes, especially one of the sensory epithelial cells present in the organ of Corti.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

hair cell

(hār sel)
Sensory epithelial cells present in the spiral organ (organ of Corti), in the maculae and cristae of the membranous labyrinth of the ear, and in taste buds; they are characterized by having long stereocilia or kinocilia (or both) that, seen with the light microscope, appear as fine hairs.
See also: taste cells
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hair cell

An epithelial cell possessing stereocilia in the maculae, cristae ampullaris, and the organ of Corti. These cells are receptors for the senses of position and hearing.
See also: cell
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

hair cell

a sensory epithelial cell of vertebrates that acts as a mechanoreceptor, possessing either one nonmotile cilium (kinocilium) or many nonmotile cilium-like projections of the surface (stereocilia). Such cells are found in the LATERAL-LINE SYSTEM and the ear.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Memantine suppresses the glutamatergic neurotransmission of mammalian inner hair cells. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 1998;60:18-21.
The inner hair cell stereocilium loss was found in 6-month-old Myo3a mutant mice (e), and this phenomenon becomes more serious in 12-month-old Myo3a mutant mice (f).
Cochlear inner hair cell (IHC) ribbon synapses play an important role in sound encoding and glutamate release.
Shi et al., "Cochlear inner hair cell ribbon synapse is the primary target of ototoxic aminoglycoside stimuli," Molecular Neurobiology, vol.
Rebillard et al., "Physiology, pharmacology and plasticity at the inner hair cell synaptic complex," Hearing Research, vol.
Glowatzki, "Two modes of release shape the postsynaptic response at the inner hair cell ribbon synapse," The Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
IHC: inner hair cell; OHC: outer hair cell; ISBs: inner spiral bundles; ANFs: afferent nerve fibers.
GM 4d, 7d: gentamicin treatment for 4 days or 7 days; IHC: inner hair cell; OHC: outer hair cell.
GM 4 d, 7 d: gentamicin treatment for 4 days or 7 days; GM + MK 4d, 7d: combined treatment of gentamicin and MK801 for 4 days or 7 days; IHC: inner hair cell. *p <0.05.
IHC: inner hair cell; OHCs: outer hair cells; AF: afferent fiber; EF: efferent fiber; LOC: lateral olivary complex; MOC: medial olivary complex.
ERK2 mediates inner hair cell survival and decreases susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss.