The objective of this study was to determine the facial injury severity scale scores amongst motorcyclists and the level of driving safety standards being practiced.
Key Words: Facial Injury Severity Scale, Maxillofacial trauma, Safety standards.
Renal trauma was classified based on the American association for the surgery of trauma (AAST) kidney injury severity scale (Table 1).
Table 1 the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) kidney injury severity scale (11).
From October 2004 to July 2008,236 consecutive patients with moderate and severe TBI according to the Head Injury Severity Scale
(HISS) criteria  were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery at St.
The Injury Severity Scale
(ISS) total score is calculated by summing the squares of the highest AIS code in the three body regions with the most severe injury.
The AIS is an anatomically based injury severity scale
that scores each injury on a scale from 1 (relatively minor) to 6 (untreatable) within six body regions (head, face, chest, abdomen, limbs, and external).
The average ISS (Injury Severity Scale
; the higher the score the more severe the injury) was 3.5 (range: 1-10).
The patients' injury severity was coded using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), the most widely used anatomic injury severity scale
in the world (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 1990).
"The modified injury severity scale
in pediatric multiple trauma patients," J Pediatr Surg., Vol.15, pp.719-26.
(3) Injury severity scale
for the ureter is given in the table 5.