Common cephalic disorders include anencephaly, colpocephaly, holoprosencephaly, ethmocephaly, hydranencephaly, iniencephaly
, lissencephaly, megalencephal, microcephaly, porencephaly, and schizencephaly.
The most prevalent are spina bifida and anencephaly and also include encephalocele, craniorachischisis, and iniencephaly
(Kondo, Kamihira, & Ozawa, 2009).
INTRODUCTION: Iniencephaly is a rare birth defect having retroflexion of the head combined with severe distortion of the spine.
Most of iniencephalic babies are stillborn or die soon after birth (2, 9); however the milder forms of iniencephaly cases are not fatal.
Here we present a rare case of iniencephaly clausus with review of literature.
In another case cited by Walker (1974) a woman took meclizine and another antiemetic and had a child with iniencephaly
and spina bifida.