While the issue public coalition highly scrutinizes information operations
, the military already has an organizational culture with a preference for kinetic operations.
John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt discerned between "cyber war" and "net war" in 1993; where the former relates to a one-click cyber attack disrupting critical infrastructure in a wide campaign of today's meaning and the latter points to the manipulation of information from decentralized sources aiming to undermine public or elite opinion; net war, quoting Arquilla and Ronfeld "means trying to disrupt, damage, or modify what a target population 'knows' or thinks it knows about itself and the world around it" (referring to information operations
"These policy violations consisted of directing unauthorized HUMINT (Human Intelligence) operations conducted by non-government personnel under the guise of gathering and reporting "force protection atmospherics" for the 'Information Operations
CAPSTONE'," a human intelligence gathering project, Pentagon spokesman David Lapan told AFP.
Mehan developed, implemented and managed USAREUR's defensive information operations
program, as well a theater strategy for the introduction of information operations
into the Bosnian Theater of operations.
General David Petraeus, the commander of US Central Command who oversees that region, has been one of the military's most vocal proponents of aggressive information operations
Currently, Lanni is the Air, Space, and Information Operations
director at Headquarters AFMC.
By inviting Matthew to speak on Information Operations
, Injazat Defence Services will be able to demonstrate the comprehensive capabilities that it can bring into the region to support the commander and his staff." said Philip Keating, Business Relations Manager, Injazat Defence Services.
The seven AFRC units included in the AFCYBER organizational structure are the 310th Communications Flight at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo.; 622nd CF, Langley AFB, Va.; 917th CF, Barksdale AFB, La.; 610th Information Operations
Flight, Offutt AFB, Neb.; 710th IOF, Brooks City-Base, Texas; 35th Combat Communications Squadron, Tinker AFB, Okla.; and 55th CCS, Robins AFB, Ga.
United States Joint and Army Information Operations
doctrine maintains that achieving information superiority is a critical factor for success in military operations.
The DLA Regional Command Europe, Defense Energy Support ('enter Europe, Document Automation and Production Service Europe, Information Operations
Europe, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (Forward Support Team), DLA Office of Investigations Europe, and DLA Enterprise Support Europe will move to the Kaiserslautern Military Community from Wiesbaden.
Joining others in the 'Issues in 21st Century Warfare' series is INFORMATION WARFARE: SEPARATING HYPE FROM REALITY, which explores and analyses Information Operations
systems and realities today.
To paraphrase the US Department of Defense, information operations
(IO) is the combined use of electronic warfare, computer network operations, psychological operations, military deception and operations security for purposes of military defense, offense, and influence.