We follow Myers-Scotton (1993, 1997) in using the term system morpheme from Bolinger (1968); he applied it to both inflectional morphemes
and function words.
As previously mentioned, the outcome of genitives in Piedmont Sinti is interesting for the diachronic process they may have undergone, that is an upgrading of an inflectional morpheme to a derivational one, and for the different paradigm reorganisation occurred in the two varieties.
en blinder 'a blind person'), a context that allows the development of derogatory meaning and the following reanalysis of the inflectional morpheme as a derivational suffix with derogatory meaning (e.g.
At the very least, it appears that English is quite different from even typologically related languages like German, Dutch, or Swedish in regard to the exponence and syntactic properties of inflectional morphemes
. Verbs in German, standard Dutch, and Swedish are inflected for tense (and agreement, excepting Swedish), and do support is nonexistent in these languages.
Here, as is believed, inflectional morphemes
are those that are required obligatorily by the sentence syntax: for good measure, they enter operations which leave syntactic categories of base morphemes untouched.
Table 2 only lists those inflectional morphemes
that are crucially verbal (i.e., those that do not change the category of the verb).
First, it is an agglutinative language (such as Finnish or Turkish) so that all inflectional morphemes
are morphologically complex, corresponding to phrases or inflected verbs, comprising several morphological constituents (De Rijk, 2007; Hualde & Ortiz de Urbina, 2003; Laka, 1996).
In other words, partially-naturalised ATTs are not productive for other derivations, "[t]hese accept only the addition of inflectional morphemes
, usually the regular plural marker" (Mahadin, 1996, p.
Greenberg proposed three synthesis indices: the inflectional morphemes
per word ratio, the derivational morphemes per word ratio, and the root morphemes per word ratio (to deal with compounds).
In Old English, this definition comprises four subtypes: (i) zero derivation with inflectional morphemes
and without derivational morphemes, as in ridan "to ride" > ridda "rider"; (ii) zero derivation without explicit morphemes, either inflectional or derivational, as in bidan "to delay" > bid "delay"; (iii) zero derivation with or without explicit inflection but displaying ablaut, such as, respectively, cnawan "to know" > cneowian "to know carnally" and drifan "to drive" > draf "action of driving"; and (iv) zero derivation with formatives that cannot be considered derivational affixes in synchronic analysis, such as -m in fleon "to fly" > fleam "flight."