hydrogen

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hydrogen

 (H) [hi´dro-jen]
a chemical element, atomic number 1, atomic weight 1.00797. (See Appendix 6.) It exists as the mass 1 isotope (protium, or light or ordinary hydrogen), mass 2 isotope (deuterium, heavy hydrogen), and mass 3 isotope (tritium).
hydrogen cyanide an extremely poisonous colorless liquid or gas, HCN, a decomposition product of various naturally occurring glycosides and a common cause of cyanide poisoning. Inhalation of the gas can cause death within a minute. Called also hydrocyanic acid.
heavy hydrogen deuterium.
hydrogen ion concentration the degree of concentration of hydrogen ions (the acid element) in a solution. Its symbol is pH, and it expresses the degree to which a solution is acidic or alkaline. The pH range extends from 0 to 14, pH 7 being neutral, a pH of less than 7 indicating acidity, and one above 7 indicating alkalinity. See also acid-base balance.
hydrogen peroxide H2O2, an antiseptic with a mildly antibacterial action. A 3 per cent solution foams on touching skin or mucous membrane and appears to have a mechanical cleansing action.
hydrogen sulfide H2S, a poisonous gas with an offensive smell, released from decaying organic material, natural gas, petroleum, and sulfur deposits, and sometimes used as a chemical reagent.

hy·dro·gen (H),

(hī'drō-jen),
1. A gaseous element, atomic no. 1, atomic wt. 1.00794.
2. The molecular form (H2) of the element. Synonym(s): dihydrogen
[hydro- + G. -gen, producing]

hy·dro·gen

(H) (hī'drō-jen)
1. A gaseous element, atomic no. 1, atomic wt. 1.00794.
2. The molecular form of the element, H2.
Synonym(s): dihydrogen.
[hydro- + G. -gen, producing]

Hydrogen

The simplest, most common element known in the universe. It is composed of a single electron (negatively charged particle) circling a nucleus consisting of a single proton (positively charged particle). It is the nuclear proton of hydrogen that makes MRI possible by reacting resonantly to radio waves while aligned in a magnetic field.

hy·dro·gen

(hī'drō-jen)
1. Gaseous element, atomic no. 1, atomic wt. 1.00794.
2. Molecular form (H2) of the element.
[hydro- + G. -gen, producing]
References in periodicals archive ?
In retrospect, it is astonishing that there had not been more and worse accidents, and predictable that the French royal authorities would prohibit operations to make "inflammable air" because of several accidents.
The Reason that Balloon was out of Sight so soon, the Gentleman believes that that Philosopher was much better acquainted with the different inflammable Airs .