inferior thyroid artery


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in·fe·ri·or thy·roid ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, terminal branch of thyrocervical trunk (with ascending cervical artery); branches, inferior laryngeal, and muscular, esophageal, and tracheal.
Synonym(s): arteria thyroidea inferior [TA]

in·fe·ri·or thy·roid ar·te·ry

(in-fēr'ē-ŏr thy'royd ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, terminal branch of thyrocervical trunk (with ascending cervical artery); branches, inferior laryngeal, muscular, esophageal, and tracheal.
Synonym(s): arteria thyroidea inferior.

inferior thyroid artery

A branch of the thyrocervical trunk (from the subclavian artery); it winds upward behind the carotid sheath and then runs medially toward the thyroid gland. Its branches include the ascending cervical, pharyngeal, inferior laryngeal, and superior and inferior thyroid arteries.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study the nerve was more commonly found passing posterior to inferior thyroid artery on both sides and in both sexes.
The first routine pattern for identifying the nerve is to find the inferior thyroid artery and to use it as an anatomic marker.
Huang, "An applied anatomical study on the recurrent laryngeal nerve and inferior thyroid artery," Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, vol.
Surgery is usually possible through a cervical incision and with an acceptable risk of morbidity.17,18 In majority of cases their blood supply is usually based on inferior thyroid artery, allowing even larger retrosternal masses to be mobi-lized gently into the neck.
The major relations of the tubercle are the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the inferior thyroid artery and its branches.
The anatomical relationship of RLN and inferior thyroid artery is highly variable and the operating surgeon should have complete knowledge of the normal as well as abnormal variation of the anatomy of this structure.
Attention must then be paid to the relatively constant superior branch of the inferior thyroid artery (Criminal branch) that often crosses underneath the RLN and spreads medially from beneath the nerve into the thyroid gland.
Pericapsular dissection was done and individual branches of inferior thyroid artery going into the thyroid gland were tied only, thus preventing avascularisation of parathyroid glands.
Inferior thyroid artery arises from the thyrocervical trunk, a branch of the first part of the subclavian artery at the level of the first rib.
All terminal branches of superior thyroid artery, inferior thyroid artery and other unnamed vessels were cauterized with bipolar cautery.
The inferior thyroid artery is either hypo plastic or absent.

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