To put this awareness into practice, we need to revisit the structural differential in order to distinguish direct observations ("D" level descriptions) from inferences
("I" level assumptions).
Next, a unit from a middle school classroom will be used to illustrate how the class were learning statistics while making informal inferences
Text comprehension involves the construction of a coherent mental representation, which requires for the reader to build bridges between the new information and his or her background knowledge through the making of inferences
(van den Broek, 1990; 1994).
is used to make explicit in assertible, propositional form the endorsement of a pattern of material inferences
Designed to be used with professional study groups such as professional learning communities, this resource presents four ready-to-use, evidence-based classroom strategies for teaching late-elementary and middle grade students the skills they need for drawing inferences
, examining evidence, understanding main ideas that are not explicitly stated, and using problem-solving approaches that require inference
See KOESEL & TURNBULL, supra note 3, at 64-65 (explaining jurisdictions permitting adverse inferences
for negligent spoliation seek, in part, to redress non-spoliator's damages).
There are many classifications and definitions of inferences
in the literature (Graesser, Singer & Trabasso, 1994; McKoon & Ratcliff, 1992; Richeit, Schnotz & Strohner, 1985; Singer, 1994; Singer, 1990; van den Broek, 1994).
I hope to link his well-known focus on the rule of law to my subject of drawing reasonable inferences
in criminal trials.
based directly on the uncertainty in the true magnitude of the statistic are more comprehensible and practical but are not provided by statistical packages.
3) These consequences are typically in the nature of adverse inferences
or presumptions resulting in the shifting of the burden of proof.
During the next class, we used SPSS to analyze the data, interpreted related concepts, and evaluated assumptions before interpreting statistics and making inferences
And does not his failure to do so indicate that the production would, in his belief, be more damaging to him than any inferences
which the tribunal may make for lack of the document itself?