esotropia

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esotropia

 [es″o-tro´pe-ah]
strabismus in which there is manifest deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye, resulting in diplopia; called also cross-eye and convergent strabismus. adj., adj esotrop´ic.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă),
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

(ĕs′ə-trō′pē-ə)
n.
A form of strabismus in which one or both of the eyes deviate inward. Also called crossed eyes, cross-eye.

es′o·trop′ic (-trŏp′ĭk, -trō′pĭk) adj.

strabismus

Nonparallel positioning or movement of the eyes—usually of the vertical axis—due to decreased binocular muscle coordination with loss of stereoscopic vision and inability to focus simultaneously on a single point.
 
Aetiology
Extraocular muscle defects, neurotoxins, blindness, mechanical defects, unilateral vision obstruction in childhood, various brain disorders or systemic diseases, amblyopia, paralytic shellfish poisoning, botulism, haemangioma near eye, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Apert syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, trisomy 18, congenital rubella, incontinentia pigmenti, cerebral palsy, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, pseudohyperparathyroidism.

esotropia

Convergent strabismus Ophthalmology Strabismus characterized by a convergence of the visual axes. See Strabismus.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă)
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
Synonym(s): convergent strabismus.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

Convergent squint, or STRABISMUS. Only one eye looks directly at the object of regard, the other being turned inwards. Esotropia in children calls for urgent treatment to avoid amblyopia. Compare EXOTROPIA.

esotropia

A synonym for convergent strabismus. See accommodative strabismus; convergent strabismus.
blind spot esotropia See Swann's syndrome.
consecutive esotropia See consecutive strabismus.
infantile esotropia See infantile strabismus.
non-accommodative acquired esotropia See non-accommodative acquired strabismus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Botulinum treatment of infantile esotropia with abduction nystagmus.
Critical age of botulinum toxin treatment in essential infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Infantile esotropia is an inward deviation arising in the first six months of life, which is a critical period for the development of binocular functions.
When to perform surgery on infantile esotropia patients is a topic of debate.
There is also lack of consensus regarding which surgical technique is preferrable for infantile esotropia. Considering that resection is irreversible, symmetric surgery is more recommended for small children, while asymmetric surgery is recommended for older patients without alternation.
(7,9) As in all strabismus cases, preoperatively correcting refraction errors, treating amblyopia and establishing alternation are also important in infantile esotropia patients.
Esotropia with an onset after the first year of life will not be infantile esotropia syndrome and the chances of there being a significant accommodative element increase.
Which of the following is the MOST accurate description of typical infantile esotropia syndrome?
Early surgery for essential infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Seven-millimeter bilateral medial rectus recessions in infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Outcomes of large bimedial rectus recession in large angle infantile esotropia. Turkiye Klinikleri J Ophthalmol.
Comparison of the inferior oblique weakning by disinsertion or disinsertion-resection and tucking in the patient with infantile esotropia. Ann Ophthalmol.