esotropia

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esotropia

 [es″o-tro´pe-ah]
strabismus in which there is manifest deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye, resulting in diplopia; called also cross-eye and convergent strabismus. adj., adj esotrop´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă),
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

esotropia

(ĕs′ə-trō′pē-ə)
n.
A form of strabismus in which one or both of the eyes deviate inward. Also called crossed eyes, cross-eye.

es′o·trop′ic (-trŏp′ĭk, -trō′pĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

strabismus

Nonparallel positioning or movement of the eyes—usually of the vertical axis—due to decreased binocular muscle coordination with loss of stereoscopic vision and inability to focus simultaneously on a single point.
 
Aetiology
Extraocular muscle defects, neurotoxins, blindness, mechanical defects, unilateral vision obstruction in childhood, various brain disorders or systemic diseases, amblyopia, paralytic shellfish poisoning, botulism, haemangioma near eye, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Apert syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, trisomy 18, congenital rubella, incontinentia pigmenti, cerebral palsy, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, pseudohyperparathyroidism.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

esotropia

Convergent strabismus Ophthalmology Strabismus characterized by a convergence of the visual axes. See Strabismus.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă)
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
Synonym(s): convergent strabismus.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

esotropia

Convergent squint, or STRABISMUS. Only one eye looks directly at the object of regard, the other being turned inwards. Esotropia in children calls for urgent treatment to avoid amblyopia. Compare EXOTROPIA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

esotropia

A synonym for convergent strabismus. See accommodative strabismus; convergent strabismus.
blind spot esotropia See Swann's syndrome.
consecutive esotropia See consecutive strabismus.
infantile esotropia See infantile strabismus.
non-accommodative acquired esotropia See non-accommodative acquired strabismus.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann
References in periodicals archive ?
Botulinum treatment of infantile esotropia with abduction nystagmus.
Critical age of botulinum toxin treatment in essential infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Infantile esotropia is an inward deviation arising in the first six months of life, which is a critical period for the development of binocular functions.
When to perform surgery on infantile esotropia patients is a topic of debate.
There is also lack of consensus regarding which surgical technique is preferrable for infantile esotropia. Considering that resection is irreversible, symmetric surgery is more recommended for small children, while asymmetric surgery is recommended for older patients without alternation.
(7,9) As in all strabismus cases, preoperatively correcting refraction errors, treating amblyopia and establishing alternation are also important in infantile esotropia patients.
Esotropia with an onset after the first year of life will not be infantile esotropia syndrome and the chances of there being a significant accommodative element increase.
Which of the following is the MOST accurate description of typical infantile esotropia syndrome?
Early surgery for essential infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Seven-millimeter bilateral medial rectus recessions in infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.
Outcomes of large bimedial rectus recession in large angle infantile esotropia. Turkiye Klinikleri J Ophthalmol.
Comparison of the inferior oblique weakning by disinsertion or disinsertion-resection and tucking in the patient with infantile esotropia. Ann Ophthalmol.